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Leaves that fling
A whorling pattern
On the summer sky
A muted tremolo
For mid-day sleep.
in Zoo Picnic Area
San Diego County's
Vol. 55, No. 4
1 Saturday 2-8 p.m.
2 Sunday 10 a.m. -7 p.m.
SHADE PLANT SHOW
6 Saturday 2-6 p.m.
6, 7 Sun. and Mon. 9 a.m.- 6 p.m.
12 Saturday 2-5 p.m.
13 Sunday 10 a.m. -5 p.m.
S.D. County Dahlia Society
LA. COUNTY ARBORETUM
American Begonia Society
S.D. Floral Association
SANTA BARBARA GARDEN TOURS
August 7 through September 4
Friday afternoons only
August 13-14-15 Fiesta Week
TOUR OF MONTECITO
SANTA BARBARA AND
HOPE RANCH PARK
Fall Flower Arrangement Classes at the Floral Building, Balboa Park.
For information call Mrs. Roland S. Hoyt, Chairman 296-2757
1. Arts and Crafts. Begins Sept. 15. 10 a.m. First and Third Tuesdays.
Instructor: Mrs. Arthur J. Mitchell.
2. Flower Arrangement Demonstration Class. Begins Aug. 31, 9:30 a.m.
Last Monday of Month. Extra Class on Aug. 3.
Instructor: Mrs. J. R. Kirkpatrick.
After three top editions of Cali-
fornia Garden our Editor, Janet Rich-
ards, found her time too limited to
continue. We bow low to the four
parts of the compass in the hope that
the God of Gardens will smile on us
Good News! Whaley House has a
new sign, of appropriate design, stat-
ing hours and admission prices, thanks
to the Torrey Pines chapter of the
D.A.C. It is to be hoped that the
Gateway to Presidio Park Fund will
swing up soon. If Mr. Marston could
give us this park surely we can at
least secure for it a gracious entrance.
Send donations, tax deductible, to
Park and Recreations, Balboa Park.
In a sense this issue celebrates Ro-
land Hoyt's recent Fellowship in the
ASLA. Notice we featured TREES
on both front and back covers! See
how the reporter who interviewed Mr.
Hoyt caught the philosophy behind
the man in the reprint from the San
Diego Union. The press release was
quoted direct. And that article on
the Jacaranda — its pure Hoyt.
To R. H., plants have always been
more than the job. He has fought
for them all the way, sometimes to
preserve an outstanding specimen, like
the Kate Session's Tipuana, sometimes
to make better room for more trees
by putting sidewalks next to curbs,
sometimes, as with the Jacaranda, to
bring color onto the streets, and some-
times to protect our natural resources,
such as the Torrey Pines. His Sub-
tropical book is a garden bible. As
editor and contributor, he has been
the backbone of CALIFORNIA GAR-
DEN for years, because it seeks the
same goals he strives for.
Mr. Hoyt does not need our words
to add to his stature because, down
the years, the living things that have
been planted across the county because
his hand put the circles on the draft-
ing board, will keep on growing, to
harbor birds that sing, to cast grate-
ful shade, and to bear flowers that
will brighten the heart of future
Only $2 a year
(add $1 for foreign postage)
San Diego I , Calif.
Please enter my subscription:
50 YEARS AGO
The Exposition year of 1915 is
drawing nearer. Today it is a few-
months ahead, tomorrow it will be but
days, and with all our preparations we
seem to have overlooked or rather not
ever to have thought of a simple
scheme for decoration that would in-
sist upon the visitors' attention. It is
a recognized fact that much repetition
secures general notice — it is an axiom
in advertising. Why has not San
Diego adopted one flower as its badge
for 1915? This flower should be
cheap, easily raised from seed, a long
bloomer and striking in color. The
seed should be distributed free to
every one with a garden, and each
should be urged to grow some in a
conspicuous part of his ground. The
Parks should have patches of it every-
where. All public buildings should
show it, and vacant lots all around
over the city should be planted with
it . . . and added to the specifications
should be the proviso that this flower
be distinctly western, San Diegan if
possible, so that it will not incite the
remark, "We grow that back in old
Alfred D. Robinson
Original editor of
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
June 4, 1964
Because oi a heart condition my
garden work has been very much lim-
ited so I see no reason for continuing
your most interesting publication. I
have so much enjoyed every issue I
can't part with a single one and they
do pile up. The Begonian and my
Sunset, which is paid for for another
year, will have to carry me through
though I know I shall miss the Cali-
Mrs. C. D. Gilmore
P.S. Oh, dear ! I just can't do this.
Still have many plants that need care
with the help of your wonderful ar-
ticles. So — here is my S2.00 cash.
SAN DIEGO'S GARDEN CENTER (in Balboa Park)
needs your Donations and Bequests
NOW and for your TAX DEDUCTIONS
consult a Trust Officer (Stanley Miller, for instance)
San Diego's Pioneer Independent Bank
OUR 75th YEAR
^\ ^^^ ^Mrtiitru In ^J4air ^Jjedian
Virginia Georgion, Mgr.
OPEN EVENINGS FOR YOUR
WINNER OF 165 TROPHIES
CURTIS COLEMAN CO. REALTORS
SALES LEASES REAL ESTATE LOANS PROPERTY MANAGEMENT
Suite 2100, United States National Bank Bldg.
Centre City, San Diego 1, Calif. 233-6557
June 3, 1964
Enclosed rind check for renewal of
Subscription tO CALIFORNIA GARDEN
and for three copies of the June-July
issue 1964. There are several articles
including Mr. Jerabek's article on
street trees, Dr. Whittaker's Torrey
Pines Association and Alice Clark's on
epiphyllums which I want to pass on
Congratulations to the San Diego
Floral Association for maintaining such
a high standard of community activi-
ties and particularly, its useful, in-
teresting and stimulating publication.
Pearl Chase, Chairman
Plans and Planting Committee
Community Arts Association of
Santa Barbara, California.
June 14, 1964
Having discovered the "arboretum"
aspect of the San Diego Zoo in the
first of Mr. Jerabek's tours (Aug.-Sept.
1962) and relishing each subsequent
issue of California garden, I finally
returned to the Zoo today with a large
contingent of my family and all of
the four Tour issues. From the mo-
ment we passed through the entrance,
I found myself guiding our group
through each mesa and canyon like a
I was able to identify each animal
exhibit by its unusual and dramatic
landscaping. Then I easily led our
group to the picnic area under the
Chinese Flame trees near the huge rub-
ber trees that contrast sharply with the
frost-bitten specimens in our San Fer-
My family was delighted with all
they saw in only four hours under my
guidance. But the thanks rightfully
goes to the good company of your
articles, the real guide to all our en-
(Mrs.) Sue Greenfield
Woodland Hills, Calif.
P.S. Enclosed is my $2.00 renewal,
a few months in advance.
LAWN MOWER SALES & SERVICE
Always Quality Stock
Delivery Days - Tuesday and Friday
4339 Fairmount Ave. San Diego 5
AUGUST - SEPTEMBER. 196 i
Garden tours will recess in August
but two low-maintenance gardens of-
fered for this "off-season" month
should bring out the travelers and
others who have neither time nor
energy for heavy garden upkeep. Both
places have been designed by land-
scape architects, Wimmer and Yamada,
with this object in mind. Both gar-
dens are on a downhill slope in Mis-
sion Hills with a view of the valley
seen through a curtain of eucalyptus
Sunday, September 27, 2 to 5 p.m.
More than two hundred enthusias-
tic gardeners turned out for the June
visits to the fabulous rose garden of
Mrs. Kenneally in Loma Portal and
the delightful patio garden of Mr.
Sinjen in Ocean Beach.
Tour 1 — Garden of Dr. and Mrs.
Hodge Crabtree at 4521 Trias St.
Many young podocarpus or Fern
Pine, weeping gray acacias and various
pines frame the approach to this mod-
ern home designed by architects Lieb-
hardt and Weston. Different types of
ceanothus and ground covers hold
back the slooping areas.
Tour 2 — Garden of Mr. and Mrs.
Howard Chernoff at 4522 Trias St.
The wood-paved entrance to this
home by architect Lloyd Ruocco is
overhung by a large specimen Victor-
ian Box Pittosporum undulatum and
groups of the lower P. tob'tra. To off-
set the roots of neighboring eucalyptus,
seasonal flowering trees and shrubs are
grown in large tubs in front of the
high redwood fence that encloses the
garden. There is an effective use of
native toyons and an oak tree.
A Laurel Wreath for Walter Andersen for his landscape
garden at the Fair, which won blue ribbon acclaim fro??/ all.
and for his longtime cooperation on civic garde?? affairs.
In July, Rosecroft Gardens on
Point Loma were crowded with mem-
bers who had planned ahead to take
advantage of the special invitation of
Mrs. Hunter and her son, Jerry, to en-
joy the colorful night lighting of the
landscaped grounds and the tuberous
begonias at the height of their bloom.
You are invited to
become a member of
• Monthly meetings featuring
• A monthly Sunday afternoon
• Subscription to CALIFORNIA
• Use of a large horticultural
Fill in box with membership desired and
mail with check to
San Diego Floral Association
Balboa Park, San Diego I, Calif.
Classification of Memberships:
Individual $ 3.50 □
Family ... $ 5.50 □
Sustaining $ I 0.00 □
Contributing $25.00 □
(dualist - ^ebtemoeh.
During hot-weather months the
Southern California gardener enjoys
a period of relaxation, an opportunity
to sit back (in the shade) and enjoy
the fruits of his labors. Summer-
blooming annuals and perennials are
at their height of bloom, as are flower-
ing tropicals. Hopefully, garden pests
are under control by this time, so that
irrigation remains the only major task.
So relax and enjoy your garden!
"Psychological gardening" is a neg-
lected art, regretfully. A timely illus-
tration would be the effect of coolness
which can easily be achieved in the
garden to relieve the heat of summer.
Tones of blue and white combined
with the greens of lawn and foliage
have long been recognized as "cool
colors." The sight and sound of run-
ning water takes the sting out of the
hot sun and wind, especially when
used in combination with a shady area
created possibly by a fast-growing vine
on a small arbor. Plants usually as-
sociated with water can heighten the
effect. Many a new house on a raw
site scraped out of a hillside has been
transformed into a delightfully cool
and refreshing spot by using these
techniques, and in a short while.
There is a wide range of white-
flowering plants and shrubs well
known to gardeners, but blue is a color
more difficult to find in more-or-less
permanent plants. Suggestions would
include shrub nierembergia, the im-
proved "Santa Anita" felicia or agath-
aea, common plumbago and the rarer
Chinese plumbago species, eranthe-
mum, sollya, ceanothus, Solatium
wendlandii and S. rantonetti, the du-
rantas, stokesia, agapanthus, oxypeta-
lum, thunbergias, salvias, veronicas,
convolvulus mauretanicus, campanula,
iochroma and passion vines.
The cutflower garden is now simul-
taneously in two stages: the last plant-
ing of "summer" annuals, and the first
planting of winter and spring flowers
and bulbs. One last planting of zin-
nias, asters, dwarf dahlias, celosia,
marigolds and related warm-weather
annuals will mature rapidly and give
bloom often up until the holidays.
And toward the end of this period our
first plantings of cinerarias, stock,
snaps, primroses, Iceland poppies,
violas and pansies will go in — progres-
sively from Labor Day in beach area
until the end of the month as we go
inland. Similarly, cool-season vege-
tables are often planted starting in Sep-
tember and reward with early and
heavy crops if we don't have an excess
of hot, dry weather in the fall.
Winter and spring bulbs will be
coming into nurseries in late August
and in September — some to be planted
immediately, others to be refrigerated
for a month or so before planting,
and some which, with staggered plant-
ings, will extend the regular blooming
season. Freesias, anemones, leucojums,
crocus and ranunculus usually are first
planted and are followed by narcissus
and daffodils, allium, sparaxis, ixias,
Peruvian scilla, watsonias, tulips (after
a month's refrigeration), grape and
Roman hyacinths, ornithogalum, tri-
tonias, and white callas.
Brave souls in cooler locations may
try lily-of-the valley pips after refrig-
erating them, and experienced garden-
ers will continue planting glads
throughout the year. Shade gardeners
will be getting cyclamen bulblets under
way, and collectors will be on the
lookout for oxalis species, crinums,
amarcrinums, galanthus, giant allium,
tree dahlias, sprekelia and native calo-
Everyone will be well advised to
purchase a large sack of bonemeal for
all their bulbs, avoid manures in pre-
paring soil, and follow competent in-
struction as to depth of planting.
An earlier reference to vines for
quick shade brings to mind both the
neglect of vines in contemporary plant-
ings and their misuse — which doubt-
less has brought about much of the
neglect. Landscape architects notor-
iously avoid the use of vines, other
VOLUME 55 NO. 4
Three Native Species of Ribes
Jacqueline Broughton 8
A Garden, Bright with Flowers
Mary Marston -TO
Alice Mary Rainford -.11
Juanito V. Jabat 12
Michael O'Connor 14
Roland Hoyt Fellowship
ASLA ... 15
Zoo Plants on a Map
Chauncy I. ferabek 16
Walker Ferguson 22
Plans for Play-yards
Dorothy Sajfer 24
Helen Marie Stegar 26
Garden in August and September
Ed Ogden 5
Alice Mary Greer 7
Roland Hoyt Recommends
The Jacaranda 13
Flower Shows 2
Letters to the Editor 3
Garden Tours for Members 4
Calendar of Care 27
Dahlias Fuchsias Camellias
Published Bi-Monthly by the
SAN DIEGO FLORAL ASSOCIATION
Floral Association Building, Balboa Park
Office hours: M-W-F, 10-3. Phone 232-5762
All rights reserved.
Advertising rates on request.
Editor - ..Alice M. Clark
Assistant editor Janet Richards
Advertising Joan Betts, Alice M. Clark
Office Manager Rosalie F. Garcia
Dorothy S. Behrends Alice M. Greer
Chauncy I. Jerabek Larry Sisk
Roland S. Hoyt Donald A. Wilson
Harvey Short Morrison Doty
Alice W. Heyneman Helen Marie Steger
Subscription $2.00 per year; Foreign coun-
tries $3.00. California Garden is on the list
of publications authorized by the San Diego
Retail Merchants Association.
Entered as second-class matter, Dec. 8, 1910
at the Post Office at San Diego, California
under the Act of March 3, 1879.
than as cascades and ground covers,
most likely because vines normally do
impose some requirement for attention
during the year. Yet without excep-
tion all the showplaces and botanical
gardens feature vines as basic ele-
ments. Just remember that most vines
can easily over-grow the spot you've
chosen, and select your vines for scale
in proportion to their location.
New and unusual vines now avail-
able to gardeners include a miniature
cissus, C. striata, a tendril climber
which also clings to rougher surfaces
and spreads a delicate tracery of lush
palmate leaves against a wall; The
Royal Trumpet Vine, Distktus rivers//,
almost everblooming with violet trum-
pets and yellow throat and pest-free
foliage, now generally available in
larger nurseries; Clerodendron thotn-
sonae, the Bleeding Heart Vine, ever-
blooming away from the coast on a
hot, sunny, wind-protected wall; Mueh-
lenbeck'/a complexa, versatile in its ap-
plication to cascades over seaside cliffs
practically into the surf or on arbors
for its delicate pendant foliage; Man-
ett'/a bicolor, a vine for close-up view-
ing everblooming even in chilliest lo-
cations with tiny tangerine trumpets
lipped with gold, restrained in habit
for the entryway or intimate patio;
Camps/s rad/cans. an almost evergreen
native of the midwest, wide-spreading,
which in our climate produces finely
Complete Selection of
CACTI, SUCCULENTS & EPIPHYLLUMS
LESSAR CACTUS NURSERY
396 N. Highway 101, Encinitas ■ Phone 753-5192 ■ 1 Mile North of Encinitas Traffic Light
Ask your favorite nurseryman for —
THE NATURAL ORGANIC FERTILIZER
For Long Lasting Results On
Lawns, ground covers, flowers, shrubs and trees
MISSION HILLS NURSERY
Exciting New Fuchsia Introductions Now Available
Since 1924 We Give S&H Green Stamps Phone 295-2808
1525 Fort Stockton Drive San Diego 3
Take a beautiful ride along the ocean to
1680 Highway 10
> x Licensed Landscape Contractors
• Rare Tropicals
• Color in all seasons
• Indoor and potted plants
• LARGEST VARIETY of plant
material on the West Coast
We give S&H green stamps
cut pest-free foliage and blooms from
Memorial Day until Thanksgiving
with clusters of orange-bronze trum-
pets; Tec on/ a macken/i. Queen Anne
Trumpet Vine, evergreen in frost-free
areas, observed on tile roofs at the
Del Mar Fairgrounds with clusters of
veined pink trumpets from Memorial
Day until the holidays. Ipomaea
'Daini: an evergreen morning glorv
with a profusion of blue flowers
through the warm months; Pass/ flora
racemosa (pr/nceps). the variety with
racemes of coral blossoms pendant
from pest-free (unusual for the genus)
foliage; Asparagus f ale at us. ultimately
a very large line-mass with feathery
foliage only for the shadowy side of
a building, but drougth-resistant and
pest-free; Oxer a pulchella. lush ever-
green foliage and fragrant white trum-
pets for shelter, sunny locations and
Solan// m trend land//, whose large
flower heads give the truest blue of
all vines, wide-spreading, and decidu-
ous even in its own tropical native
land. These vines can now be found
commercially, are most rewarding,
with an occasional cutting-back and
thinning, and do more to soften the
hard structure of our everyday life
than anything except, possibly, music.
A word for a relatively new — and in
our minds, essential — soil amendment.
Shredded firbark, available under sev-
eral brand names, is enabling us to
grow many alkali-sensitive plants
which five years ago were thought to
be impossible in our Colorado-River-
water areas. Rare begonias, ferns,
rhododendrons, orchids — today are be-
ing grown without much concern for
our old nemesis, alkali. Rhododen-
drons carried over from prior years
produce better and harder foliage than
those brought in from Oregon; our
orchid growers are taking prizes over
more fortunate growers who can irri-
gate with mountain water; a number
of nurseries are propagating and grow-
ing their own azaleas, as opposed to
the idea a few years ago that an azalea
was an imported pot plant to be
thrown out when bloom was past; and
ferns, camellias, azaleas, gardenias,
begonias, such shade plants as fuchsias,
begonias, impatiens, streptocarpus, col-
umneas and campanulas, all are re-
sponding to soil preparation incorpor-
ating shredded firbark as the basic
amendment. The material is very acid.
dries quickly, fluffs the soil and keeps
it light due to its slow decomposition,
and many growers feel that the tannin
it contains in some way helps neutral-
ize some of the alkaline salts.
Reviewed by ALICE MARY GREER
How Plants Get Their Names: L.
H. Bailey. Dover Pub. Co., N.Y.
1963. 180 pages, paperbound,
The L. H. Bailey style of writing
has always been unsurpassed by that
of any other horticulturist; there is
charm, poetic imagination, eloquence,
scientific knowledge and accuracy, all
accompanied by undoubted authority.
There is nothing mundane, common-
place, nor categorical to lull the reader;
every page pulls on because it gleams
with the unappeasable ardor of the
great L. H. Bailey. A scattering of
sketches, drawings and reproductions
adds interest. Type is good.
Six sections make up this inviting
little book, each section valuable. Of
exceptional interest is the chapter
giving the usual meaning or signifi-
cance of Latin adjectives when em-
ployed in botanical binomials, pre-
ceded by explanations, all to the end
that the reader may find more joy in
incorporating names of precision in
customary speech and more satisfac-
tion in spelling them. This is a very
So here is a rare combination, a
very clearly written, accurate hand-
book, an enthusiastic, literary treatise
interwoven with scientific acumen,
that should be in the library of all
gardeners, amateur botanists, horti-
culturists and students of science.
The Complete Book Of Artificial
Flowers: Fruit And Foliage: Mimi
Schmitt. Hearthside Press. 1964.
Again Hearthside Press has come
out with a "first"- —the only book so
far published about that multi-million
dollar business, artificial flowers. Mimi
Lawrence Schmitt brings to the field
of permanent flower arranging her ex-
perience as the owner of a large arti-
ficial flower shop and her skill in han-
dling fresh materials for which she is
very well known in the Connecticut
She tells how to make easily created
permanent arrangements that are satis-
fying from every aspect.
As a flower arranger of live ma-
terial and a flower show judge, I was
prejudiced when I began reading the
book. Now, I must confess, that after
following Mimi Schmitt's work, my
aversion to the usual run of permanent
arrangements and their materials is
much modified, all because the writer
holds basically sound theories, pre-
sented in a convincing and entertain-
ing manner. She stresses the art prin-
ciples and elements, which are the
backbone of her concepts and prac-
tices. She never misses a hand. The
most fastidious flower arranger could
find no fault in her executions.
The greatest objection; are we will-
ing to substitute artificial media for
live material? Examine some of the
current flower show schedules; there
are listed classes featuring artificial
materials. So we may be forced to
change our song. Confess; haven't
you used bunches of artificial grapes
or a pear to give the necessary touch
to an arrangement?
Skilled arrangers, amateurs allergic
to native plants, (bless them) interior
designers, florists, will find Mimi
Schmitt a helpful guide. Those who,
in the beginning, may scoff, will later
Flower Arranging: Loret Swift, Arco
Publishing Co., I960. 144 pages.
Because flower arrangement books
are virtually a drug on the market, it
would seem hard to find a new ap-
proach to the subject, yet Loret Swift
has found one. She divides her book
into two parts. The first part gives de-
tails on the various elements and
principles involved in creating an ar-
rangement. The second part consists
of an album of arrangements, devoted
to floral designs for specific occasions
and places, dried arrangements, win-
dow boxes, corsages.
To you this may be just another
flower arrangement book, but to others
it may be a very helpful, practical
puide and "self teacher."
How To Make Gardening Fun: Dr.
George and Nora Jorgenson. Ex-
position Press, New York, 1963.
86 pages, S3.00
In a rather mundane appearing lit-
tle book 86 pages long, Dr. George
and Nora Jorgenson attempt to make
gardening appear fun simply by the
use of leaf feeding.
An outline of the author's pro-
cedures with various kinds of plants
found in the average backyard garden,
flowers, fruits, vegetables, is helpful.
All plant life responds to foliar feed-
ing by a more satisfying growth and
yield impetus. The flavor and tender-
ness of fruits and vegetables are vastly
Complete Guide To Gardening. Arco
Publishing Co. 1948. S2.50.
A very well-balanced book, enliv-
ened with fine illustrations, lives up
to its title, "complete."
There is much, for the beginner.
For specialists and the experienced
gardener there are discussions of herb
gardens, espaliering and plant dis-
The Gardener's Year: Carel Capek.
Dover Publications, 1963. Trans-
lated from the Czech by M. and
R. Weatherall, 111 pages, paper-
This easily-handled little book with
59 delightfully whimsical line draw-
ings done by Josef Capek, has a mel-
lowness and charm that places it in the
class of easy, light, humorous garden
literature . . . granted that at times
the humor seems forced and tiresome.
Beginning with uncompromising
January and continuing through the
vagaries of a gardener's cycle, the
chronicle ends with December, when
"only now, when the garden is buried
in snow, does he remember that he
has forgotten something; to look at
This is a book that can be read with
pleasure — not for information — by
either arm or arm-clair gardeners.
7571 li>anhoe Avenut
Ua folia (California
AUGUST - SEPTEMBER. 1964
SKETCHES BY THE AUTHOR
THREE NATIVE SPECIES OF RIBES
FOR CALIFORNIA GARDENS
Fuchsia- flowered Gooseberry
By Jacqueline Broughton
Currants and Gooseberries flower
in the spring and have attractive fol-
iage throughout the year. The berries
of currants are smooth and those of
gooseberries are spiny but both groups
belong to the genus Ribes. Three
species that have been grown in the
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden for sev-
eral years and are excellent plants for
home gardens are Chaparral Currant,
Fuchsia-flowered Gooseberry and Ever-
Fuchsia-flowered Gooseberry, Ribes
speciosum is one of the earliest of
the spring-flowering plants. This
gooseberry is a partly deciduous shrub,
about three to six feet tall. The
rounded leaves, more or less three -
lobed, are bright green above and
somewhat paler beneath. Its long,
spreading branches are tawny in color,
bristly along their length, and spiny
at the nodes. However, the covering
on the stems does not detract from
the beauty of the flowers. They are
bright scarlet bells, about an inch long.
that hang singly or in small groups
along at least half the length of the
branches. The red berries are half an
inch in diameter and very bristly.
Fuchsia-flowered Gooseberry grows
in shaded canyons at low elevations
and occurs in a band along the coast
from Santa Clara County to Baja Cali-
It is an excellent plant for home
gardens, being both drought and heat
tolerant and adapted to almost any
soil. Fuchsia-flowered Gooseberry is
rapid growing and most successful in
full or part shade. Summer watering
is preferred to maintain an evergreen
condition. If not watered this plant
will lose its leaves in the summer. It
may be used as an accent, a specimen
or a low barrier. The shiny green
leaves are attractive throughout the
year and the splash of red flowers in
early spring is a welcome touch.
Ribes speciosum was first collected
by Dr. Menzies of the Vancouver Ex-
pedition. Seed was later taken by Dr.
Collie, surgeon to the Beechey Expe-
dition, and the plant was brought into
cultivation in 1828.
One species, interesting because it
is quite unlike other currants, is Ribes
liburnijoUum, Evergreen Currant.
This is a low shrub with spreading,
cane-like branches. Although it is
rarely more than two feet tall, it may
be as much as eight feet in diameter.
The wine-red stems contrast with the
dark, glossy green leaves which are
oval in outline and quite fragrant.
The leaves of many other currants are
lobed or cut; these are nearly entire.
Its deep rose flowers, produced on
short branches along the arching
stems, are small but numerous, and
give the plant a copper-colored cast
in early spring.
Evergreen Currant is native to chap-
arral and canyons of Santa Catalina
Island and Baja California. It was
first collected in Todos Santos Bay in
Lower California and it was first
grown in England from seed received
in 1897. The probable collector of
this seed was Mrs. Trask, an early resi-
dent of Santa Catalina Island. She re-
ported that this plant — "thrives in
all parts of the island in moist places."
Since 1897 Evergreen Currant has
been grown occasionally in gardens.
It is rapid growing, drought tolerant
and well suited to coastal regions.
Growth is best if it is planted in part
or full shade. In full sunlight it is
more compact but it is also subject to
yellowing in the summer. Some water
in the summer is necessary to main-
tain the evergreen condition. Rooting
will occur along the stems and erect
shoots should be pegged down for
a uniform ground cover. Evergreen
Currant may be used on banks, as a
high ground cover or as a facer. It
grows well under oaks.
Chaparral Currant, Kibes malvaceum
is an erect, deciduous shrub that be-
comes three to seven feet high. The
leaves have a spicy smell, are rounded
in outline and may be three to five
lobed. They are rather thick and
roughened and have gland-tipped hairs
that give the plant a dull green color.
The flowers, which are pale pink and
about half an inch long, occur near
the tips of drooping branches. These
produce rounded purple-black berries
covered with a waxy substance. Since
the berries are excellent bird food, this
plant is recommended to those who
wish to attract birds to the garden.
Chaparral Currant is a hardy garden
plant. It grows moderately rapidly
when planted in part sun and, al-
though drought tolerant, it will not
be harmed by summer watering. It
provides contrast in a mixed planting
or may be used as an erect filler.
In the wild, Chaparral Currant
grows in dry wooded areas or on
open hillsides below 2,500 feet. It
and its varieties inhabit both the in-
ner and outer coast ranges from Te-
hama County to Baja California.
Most of the native currants and
gooseberries can be used in the prep-
aration of pancake syrup and wild
fruit butter. The spines on gooseber-
ries dissolve when cooked and no
special cleaning treatment is necessary.
In Jacqueline Broughton, Educa-
tional Coordinator for the Santa Bar-
bara Botanic Garden, readers have
"struck gold" for she has promised
more articles on native plants.
AUGUST - SEPTEMBER. 1964
B*U<j,Ut WMi tylawesiA,
By Mary Marston
Photograph by Petty Richards
Because most of my garden is given
up to trees, grass and shrubbery I like
to have the secluded formal section
bright with flowers.
Here a rectangular lawn is sur-
rounded by beds of low-growing
flowering shrubs, such as white di-
osma, pink rapheolepis, yellow te-
coma, lantana and hypericum. Grow-
ing among them are gladioli, coreop-
sis, marguerites, red florabundas and
other hardy perennials. In the rose
bed a heliotrope blooms beside a Pic-
ture rose and plumbago tumbles over
the wall to mingle with the pink
blossoms of Queen Elizabeth rose.
In the middle of the lawn is a
small stone fountain, which instead of
spouting water overflows with pink
ivy geranium and is encircled by pots
of pink, white and blue petunias.
Beside the high brick wall on the
north my neighbors' tall trees make a
beautiful background for the garden.
The wall fountain in the center, with
its blue and white jars on either side
and its pots of petunias on the rim
of the basin, is an important note in
the landscape plan.
On the west is a garden house, shel-
tered by a jacaranda on one side and
a yellow-flowering Stanolobium stam
on the other. Wide steps on the east
lead down to a terrace that runs the
entire length of the formal garden.
These are features of the plan that
make the garden attractive and livable.
In the cutting beds on the south
side delphineums flourish. Birds hop
about on the lawn and sing in the
trees. My garden is a gay and lovely
place in the month of June. Per-
haps it will be even gayer when the
summer flowers, cosmos, zinnias and
dahlias flaunt their colors among the
blue delphineums and perhaps lovelier
still in the autumn when the chrys-
anthemums, bronze, gold and ruby red.
come into bloom.
Mary G. Marston
This is the garde)} of a family with
a lifetime interest in horticulture.
George Marston not onl) "fathered"
Balboa Park but he also planned and
planted Presidio Park as a priceless
gift to the city.
Tune increases the beauty of the
shrubbs and trees around the well
planned gardens of his home while
Miss Marston keeps the picture glow-
ing with colorful flower accents.
By Alice Rainford
Since the carnation is San Diego's
official flower it behooves us to learn
all we can about it.
The carnation belongs to the Dian-
thus family which includes Carnations,
Grass Pinks, Sweet Williams and
others. The main ancestor of the Car-
nation we know is Dianthus caryo-
phyllus, or Clove Pink. Larger sizes
and more petals have been developed
by American and English hybridizers
from wild varieties. The most fragrant
Dianthus are the small species. Dian-
thus plumarius, often called Grass
pink, China or India pink, is more
like the original wild type. They all
are small-leaved, low-growing plants
suitable for edging walks. They are
easily grown from seed. Though one
cannot be certain of colors in seed-
lings they often produce delightful
There are many forms and colors in
the wild varieties of Europe while we
only have one specie in America. Not
many are native to Great Britain but
it is thought that they were imported
by the Normans or else they came in
the Norman (Caen) stone from which
the first castles were built. They have
become naturalized throughout Eng-
land. Some have very tiny leaves and
are almost turf -like without the joints
of the ordinary carnation. One small
type called Maiden Pink is so fragrant
that Lord Bacon ordered it planted by
the paths "where the ladies' robes
would brush against them as they
walked in the gardens stirring up a
Carnation was originally spelled
Coronation because it was so well
adapted for use in making crowns,
garlands, and wreaths used in royal
festivities. It was also called Crowna-
tion in some of the old books. Olive
Percival, of Pasadena, in her book on
'Our Old Fashioned Flowers," says
that the early writers, Gerard, Parkin-
son and Ellacombe used many other
names: Carnadine, Gilliflower, Pageant
Flower, Incarnation, Gillover, Flower
of Jove, Dainty Lady and Clove of
Paradise. The most intriguing name of
all is "Sops in Wine." Because of its
spicy odor the flower was actually used
to add flavor to wine and beer.
Carnations were so popular in the
early seventeenth century that, when
a very large fragrant variety was im-
ported by Nicholas Leate, it caused
great excitement. Leate was a wealthy
business man whose agents travelled
constantly and had orders not to fail
to secure any unusual flower for his
gardens. Although he was a member
of the Worshipful Order of Iron
Mongers (he must have been the Big
Steel man of his day) he spent much
of his time
One famous carnation, the Great
Harwich, is described by Parkinson as
a great old English sort that "riseth
up with a goodly stem thickly set with
joints and from each joint come two
long leaves twining and winding
about the stem two or three times."
The stem was two feet long with a
big green "husk" on top, from which
came forth a very large deep pink
double blossom, almost red, with
splashes and markings of lighter color.
Writers of the seventeenth century
declare that a cordial made from the
red Clove Pink was sold in the apothe-
cary shops of London. Gerard men-
tions "a conserve made of clove gilli-
flowers is exceedingly cordial and doth
comfort the heart being eaten now and
then." Esther Singleton writes that a
carnation vinegar was valued as a
remedy for the plague.
Queeen Elizabeth was so fond of
her flowers and gardens that she kept
a woman constantly employed in ar-
ranging them in her apartments. It is
said that she regarded the cordial as
the "delight of the human race." In
reproducing the Shakespeare garden in
1921 a great effort was made to fol-
low the original plan. Plants were do-
nated from great estates and little
children brought grass pinks, thyme
and other plants needed for borders
from their cottage gardens.
Esther Singleton's book "The
Shakespeare Garden" tells of a "Mask
of Flowers" produced by the "Gentle-
men of Gray's Inn" for the Earl of
Somerset's wedding to the daughter of
the Earl of Suffolk. "When the cur-
tains were drawn was seen a garden of
glorious and strange beauty,
fountain raised on four pedestals of
silver "on the tops whereof strode
four silver figures which supported a
bowl in circuit four and twenty foot
and was raised nine feet from the
The garden walks were bordered
with hedges and the beds filled with
flowers many of them artificial. In the
corners of each bed large jars were
filled with carnations. The walls about
the garden were painted to look like
brick and at the back was a mount
with an arbor thirty-three feet long
and twenty feet high covered with
vines of honeysuckle and eglantine,
doubt if Hollywood ever produced a
more gorgeous display.
In 1906 the Sievers Brothers of San
Francisco and Oakland brought out a
great number of choice carnations. I
recall 'Elsie Ferguson,' an exception-
ally fine brilliant yellow with red
markings and there was an apricot-
tinted one that was very large. So
far as I know they are not listed now,
which reminds me that, around 1915,
Mr. Morley remarked that fashions in
flowers and plants revive about every
fifty years. At that time he was re-
ferring to the renewed interest in suc-
culents which everyone was collecting
when he was a lad in England half a
Well, the pendulum swings again
to carnations for San Diego, but now
the crowns are leis. Actually, this coun-
ty has always been a center for the
commercial growing of these flowers.
Some will recall a dentist, Dr. Oscar
Gabriel of Encinitas who did some
very fine hybridizing of carnations
thirty years ago. Now the point is to
plant and enjoy this fragrant flower
with the same zest as did the Eliza-
bethans of long ago.
When she thinks on flowers, Alice
Rainford. First Florist to the San
Diegans of fifty years ago, thinks on
the traditional beauty behind them.
AUGUST - SEPTEMBER. 1964
A Philippine flowed (jteiveis
By Juanito V. Jabat
In the United States flower growers
may plant any kind of flower in any
place and at any time they please.
This is not true in the Philippines.
It's not that democracy is dead in this
former American territory; it's just
that certain groups of Filipinos in cer-
tain parts of the Islands adhere to cer-
tain beliefs whenever they plant flow-
Some of these beliefs are clearly
absurd, others are funny, and still
others sound completely foolish; but
no matter what you and I may think
of them, Filipino flower growers firm-
ly believe in them as the "key" to
their success in their flower growing
business (or hobby) or as a "factor"
that may lead them to either blissful
or woeful living.
Take, for instance, the inhabitants
of Supang, a small village on Gui-
maras Island in Southern Philippines.
These people plant roses only when
there is a full moon. They believe
that doing this would bring about
durable plants and beautifully de-
veloped flowers. It is a silly belief,
perhaps, but the majority of flower
shop operators are agreed that some
of the best roses in the Philippines
can be found in the flower planta-
tions of Supang village.
To the superstitious flower growers
in Arevalo, Iloilo province, the stars
play a no mean role in one's success
or failure in flower growing. They
believe, for example, that bougain-
villas would bloom more copiously
when planted on the morning follow-
ing a star-studded night. They also
believe that azucenas, which grow quite
abundantly in the Islands, would bear
more fragrant flowers when planted
in the evening under a completely
starless sky. Again, these superstitious
theories sound absurd, but Arevaloans
claim that had it not been for their
adherence to these theories, their town
would not have gained the title it now
proudly sports — "The Flower Garden
of Iloilo Province."
In the small village of Palo, Leyte
province, most flower growers do not
plant violets during the Lenten sea-
son. The villagers claim that to do so
is to court misfortune. They cannot
give any reasonable explanation, but
they claim that a lot of flower grow-
ers in the village who deliberately went
against the "rule" suffered untold mis-
fortunes, including incurable ailments,
serious accidents, and even death.
However, flower growers in Nueva
Valencia, Iloilo province, think this
belief is nonsensical. Unlike the Palo
villagers, they do plant violets during
Lent — but while they do they keep
making loud but artificial sobs, which
the Palo flower growers consider as
more nonsensical than their own be-
lief. Why the artificial sobs? The
villagers themselves don't know why
they have to break into sobs when
planting violets during Lent.
It is customary among the flower
growers in the village of Banilad,
Neuva Viscaya province, to plant
flowers only during high tide. They
say it makes flowers bloom more beau-
tifully and more long-lastingly. How-
ever, in Canla-on, Negros Oriental
province, flower growers don't wait
for the high tide. They plant flowers
anytime of the day but when they
do they make sure that they are
thoroughly drenched, or else the plants
wouldn't produce beautiful blooms.
The village folks of Tanza, Cavite
province, do not plant frangipanis —
known as calachuchis in the Philip-
pines — in their yards because they
believe that these plants are precur-
sors of death. In view of this fright-
ful belief, frangipanis cannot be
found in any place in Tanza except in
the village cemetery and in the yard
of the village church.
In some places in Iloilo province, ir
is believed that a woman who plants
frangipanis is bound to become an old
In Talusan, a mountain village in
Bukidnon province, a man whose wife
is pregnant is prohibited to plant any
flower with prickly stems. Why? Be-
cause the villagers believe that a preg-
nant woman whose husband dares to
plant prickly-stemmed flowers is liable
to have a difficult and painful delivery.
Most Talusan husbands know this is
plain superstition but they resolutely
stick to it because, they say, "there's
nothing to lose if we adhere to it."
In order that their daisies would
grow sturdy and resistant to plant dis-
eases, daisy growers in Bato, Cebu
province, rest upon their haunches
when they go a-planting daisies. So
that it is not uncommon to see daisy
planters in Bato wearing jute sack
pants, the seats of which are heavilv
reinforced with canvas, when they are
planting their favorite flower.
Hibiscus, the state flower of Hawaii,
is also common in the Philippines,
where it is called gummamela. But
while Hawaiians plant this flower sans
any ridiculous rules, superstitious Fili-
pinos have a rule regarding its plant-
ing which might make you smile. The
flower growers in Gusoan. Leon, Ilo-
ilo province, for instance, keep laugh-
ing aloud while they plant gumma-
melas in their backyards. They believe
that doing this would force the plants
to bloom profusely.
Perhaps, the strangest — call it the
craziest, if you may — Philippine be-
lief about flower planting is that or
the people of Busuanga Island, near
Mindoro. The flower growers among
these people perform an odd cere-
mony, highlighted by queer dances
and songs, before planting any kind
of flower. During the ceremony, the
flowers that are to be planted are
placed on a short-legged bamboo table
surrounded with lighted candles. The
ritual lasts for about 30 minutes. The
islanders believe that this odd cere-
mony is done to assure themselves of
an abundant flower harvest.
These are only a few of the many
Philippine beliefs concerning the plant-
ing of flowers. To the non-supersti-
tious, these beliefs are. as I said ear-
lier, absurd, funny, and/or foolish:
but Filipino flower growers who be-
lieve in them adhere to them un-
swervingly and, in fact, they attribute-
to these beliefs whatever success the)
mieht have attained.
Some American gardeners also claim
success with the "Moon phase" plant-
ings of our Philippine friends.
Here is a flowering tree of elegance
and all the renderings of that word,
clarity, grace, distinction, felicity, with
restraint included for measure and
purity of decorum that fit it for hu-
man use. It is sometimes known as
Green-ebony, but is generally called
simply Jacaranda with the emphasis
on the third syllable. According to
Saunders, the South American Indians
who actually named the tree, placed
the weight on the last syllable. The
species /. mimosijoUa and /. ovali-
folia appear in horticultural literature
but gardeners may consider both as
synonomous with ] . acuttjolia.
The tree is of open, irregular struc-
ture to a roundish head of rather loose
texture at, eventually, some 50 feet
under best culture and site conditions.
The young specimen may require a lit-
tle pruning to determine the ultimate
shape, but the mature form will be
found to have worked the problem out
pretty well by itself, with discrimina-
tion and individuality ... as with the
human ego. It is an all-round tree for
service almost everywhere in the do-
mestic landscape, lawn or patio and
especially as a street tree where there
is any chance for survival.
The Jacaranda affords a very sub-
stantial, but not a dense shade all
during the heat of the year, then opens
to winter for sun-heat to thaw through
to the earth for whatever there wants
warmth, plant or man. The limbs and
branches at this time are found to
have something of the quality of an
oriental print . . . for those who will
see. There is nothing naked about
this time and branching. It, the tree,
expresses the season as it does, in fact,
the complete cycle of life and living.
This is too often overlooked in sub-
tropical regions in a ridiculous, trivial
and puerile search for eternal summer.
The shedding of the lacy, fern-like
foliage comes sometimes in February
or March when the flower buds are
beginning to show, the only shabby
moment of the year when the leaves
are pushing off . . . "remnants of
glory." A long wait then is no more
than a reminder of so many good
things, pleasured more, and more
deeply enjoyed under anticipation.
This is a kind of dawdling, deferment
of action, a matter of standing over
or waiting for warmth, the blooming
finally, June into July in California,
earlier in Florida. A rare spectacle
then presents color over a few weeks,
a flowering of exquisite quality and
finally a fallout of the blue, a solid
carpet over the earth . . . sweep only
the walks. Hattie Rumbleshucks in
California garden of September,
1941 thinks "the glory of the 'jac'
doesn't end with the falling flowers
and that people as is gardeners will
walk around the poor fallen debris
with a prayer in their hearts to the
Lord and sheer thanks for such beauty
. . . other people git a broom."
This aristocrat, surprisingly, is a
stout and sturdy individual unusually
persevering under hardship as well as
prosperity, which is uncommon for a
plant of such exotic beauty. While it
accepts good moisture, it will be more
floriferous if grown on the dry side
and actually survives with roots com-
pletely cramped or otherwise muti-
lated by external abuse. It is not de-
manding as to soil, but prefers a fer-
tile, sandy loam of some depth when
it will be seen at its best. There are
no diseases and no insect pests of
Continued on page 15
AUGUST - SEPTEMBER, 1 964
e — )an
San Diego's Oldest
and Largest Garden Club
Founded 1907 — Incorporated 1910
Stanley W. Mt li.fr
TO BE APPOINTED
Mrs. Ralph Rosenberg
Mrs. Thalia Graham Kelly
Major Edward Litllf
Mrs. A. G. Wenzel
Mrs. J. Terrell Scott
Mrs. Eugene Cooper
Mrs. Emmett Fowler
HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS
Annie Robinson Tedford
Chauncy I. Jerabek
Alice M. Clark
Alice M. Greer
PUBLISHERS SINCE 1909
CALIFORNIA GARDEN MAGAZINE
Will Turn Community Concourse
into Garden Gem
By Michael O'Connor
Landscaping the Community Con-
course could be compared to shopping
for accessories to match a $10,000
Now rising from the heart of down-
town, the $21 million concourse is an
investment of ideas and dreams trans-
ferred into steel, concrete and glass.
Adding the final touches necessary
to make it a living part of the citv
requires the objectivity of a scientist
and the artistic flair of a poet.
Roland Hoyt, landscape architect,
A Calif ornian since 1921, he holds
a bachelor's degree in horticulture
from Iowa State University and studied
for two years at the Harvard School
In more than a year of work, he has
analyzed the architecture of the four
main buildings. He has sifted the
soil on which they stand. And he has
spent months rubbing elbows with
weekend gardeners in nurseries studv-
What grows around each building,
he says, must complement and accent
both the design and the purpose of the
An example of his technique in-
volves the $4 million Civic Theatre.
"The theatre is a beautiful build-
ing," Hoyt said as he thumbed
through a stack of blueprints. "Not
just any tree can grow next to it.
"We must use a stately specimen
that will accent its lines . . . with fa-
cile leaves that will move in the
That type of tree, Hoyt believes, is
the Podocarpus, one of 17 different
varieties of trees he has selected for
the overall area.
Theater audiences will learn to know
the Podocarpus well. Hoyt visualizes
several of them extending along the
north entrance leading to a buffer of
Chinese Junipers and Magnolias be-
tween the interior Concourse Plaza
and the open intersection outside.
Hoyt believes trees are an important
part of his plan not only as a tone-
setter for the concourse but as a land-
scaping stimulus to the entire sur-
rounding downtown area.
With this thought in mind he hopes
that a perimeter of trees around the
concourse — either Holly Oak or Podo-
carpus — will be extended to the side-
walks of other streets in the future.
"People remember a city for its
trees," he noted, "and San Diego
doesn't have enough of them."
The Hoyt plan of finding the tree to
fit the building also will be apparent
to persons entering either the Conven-
tion Hall or Administration Building
from C Street. He has obtained 15
Copper Loquat specimens and many
will be used here to accent the struc-
tures with a foliage that is deep green
in summer and bronze in winter.
Nearby, the "theatre corner," C
Street and 3rd Avenue, will be a show-
place for more reasons than the ob-
vious. It is there he envisions one of
the largest trees, a Magnolia, extend-
ing more than 20 feet to "anchor" the
The Magnolia, Hoyt said, is an ex-
ample of another problem facing a
landscaper in tree-starved San Diego.
"There are no big tree nurseries in
San Diego," he said. "And on a job
like this you must have big trees."
Not ready to settle for less than
what he wants, Hoyt has turned detec-
tive in visiting scores of nurseries
throughout Southern California.
It was on one of these trips that
he found the "theatre corner" Mag-
nolia at the Del Amo nursery in
Compton. By coincidence, it was at
Del Amo where he obtained his first
job in California.
The absolute necessity for big trees
was pointed out by Hoyt as he ex-
plained the design of the 1 4-story Ad-
ministration building, largest structure-
in the concourse, which has unembel-
lished east and west walls.
Sure and its the poetic flair of Mr.
O'Connor himself that makes this
Roland Hop story, reprinted from
the San Diego Union, so discerning.
And Mr. Fiynn's action shot wins
more blame] .
Hoyt plans to use large Sugar Gum
Eucalyptus which will hug the sides
for a distance of 75 to 100 feet, erupt-
ing in lush umbrella-shaped foliage.
Although Hoyt emphasizes his trees,
the public will have a field day ex-
amining and enjoying the 56 varieties
of shrubs and 18 types of ground
cover in hundreds of locations.
To prove his point that nature —
through landscaping — adds enjoyment
to physical surroundings, Hoyt plans to
have visitors in the mood even before
they leave their automobiles in the
11 -level parking garage.
It is there he has designed a gar-
den of potted seasonal plants which
will be brought to the center core —
and visible to incoming and outgoing
motorists — at the height of their
bloom. Around them will be seven
Irish Yew trees planted in a swirl to
blend with the driving lanes.
All in all, it amounts to a show of
color that no one will want to miss.
Continued from page 12
note . . . only aphids at budding time
which may be flushed off a young tree
with hose-water or other contact spray,
left to the ladybugs when beyond
reach. The tree takes as much as ten
degrees of frost without material dam-
age and will return as a multi-
stemmed, blooming affair after a
One encounters ecstatic and enrap-
tured accounts of the flowering of
these trees in Rio de Janiero and the
cooler parts of South America and
when one knows of oddments and
portions of streets in Southern Cali-
fornia, where the amplitude of color
and generous, friendly greenery meet
above as an arched dome of incredible
beauty, it is to wonder why such an
eminently practical and utterly hand-
some tree is not seen more often. Look
if you will for such as above. Stand
there in the shadow of beatitude and
know the power and strength to be
found in this gratification.
This is one tree to afford any liv-
ing place, area or region the heights
of publicity, be it a garden, a block
in the community or the city itself.
It shocks, and shakes one loose from
The drawing by Alfred Hottes
shows the large loose truss of the
flower, the doubly compound leaf
with sharply tipped leaflet. There is
the hard, flat capsule that finds uses
in indoor decoration and in arrange-
ments, a winged nutlet and a cross-
section of the floret.
San Diego Union Staff Photo by Joseph Flynn
From: ASLA Press Room, July 1, 1964
Roland S. Hoyt of San Diego, California, was today elected a
Fellow of the American Society of Landscape Architects at cere-
monies held in conjunction with the organization's annual meeting
in Dallas, Texas.
Mr. Hoyt, a native of Iowa City, Iowa, has practiced landscape architecture
in San Diego for 38 years. A consultant for the City Planning Department for
15 years, he has served as landscape architect for such important local projects
as the Mission Bay Park and Recreation Area. Recent work includes the Mission
Valley Center, the Salk Institute for Biology and the Centre City Concourse in
San Diego. He has also been designated to design a master landscape plan
for San Diego State University.
The first graduate of the School of Landscape Architecture at Iowa State
University in 1915, Mr. Hoyt served as aide-de-camp to General William D.
Beach, Commanding General of the 88th Division in France during World
War I. Following the war, he worked with America's oldest landscape archi-
tectural firm, Olmsted Brothers, on the design of Palos Verdes Estates and later
participated in the design of Presidio Park in San Diego.
A past editor of the California Garden Magazine, Mr. Hoyt is the author
of "Ornamental Plants for Subtropical Regions" and a frequent contributor to
leading garden magazines.
i Fellowship in the American Society of Landscape Architects, con-
!; ferred only upon the professions most outstanding practitioners, is the
organization's highest honor. Founded in 1899, the ASLA is today
' comprised of over 2,300 professional landscape architects. National
!; headquarters are at 2000 K Street in Washington, D.C.
AUGUST - SEPTEMBER, 1964
KEY TO ZOO PLANT MAP
1. Caleocephalus browni,
2. Trithrmax acanthocana.
3. Strelitzia regina.
4. Metrosideros tomentosa.
New Zealand Christmas Tree
5. Callistemon viminalis.
6. lochroma tubulosum.
Columbian Violet Bush
White Fleece Tree
9. Homalocladium plat] clad urn.
10. Casimiroa edulis.
White Sapote Tree
1 1 . Koelreutaria bipmnata.
Bougainvillea Golden Rain Tree
12. Eucalyptus mortomana.
13. Calodendron capenst.
14. Eucalyptus multijlora.
16. Beau came a recur vat a.
17 '. Jacaranda acuti folia.
18. Gardenia thunbergia
19. Draceana draco.
20. Eucalyptus cladocahx.
21. Laurus nobilis.
22. Chorisia speciosa.
23. Strelitzia nicolai.
24. Ochna multijlora.
Mickey Mouse Plant
25. Corokia cotoneaster
26. Chiranthodendron platanoides,
Devil's Hand Flower
27. Dombeya wallichi.
Pink Ball Tree
28. Olea euro pa.
29. Araucaria bidwilli,
30. Caesalpinia achinata.
31. Cist us purpureas.
Orchid-spot Rock Rose
by Chauncy I. Jerabek
Throughout the Zoo, thousands o:
plants, from trees to ground covers.
are used to present the animals in their
natural settings; often the plants are
from the same habitat. To keep this
the most outstanding Zoological Gar-
den in the world new animals are
brought in constantly, which means
that the enclosures must be remodeled
or extended and the plant life must
also be moved or replaced. As a re-
sult, not all the specimens remain
where I describe them and many new
plants are small. Despite the fact that
this is a Zoo, not an Arboretum, one
must admit that it is quite a Botanical
In this article I have selected plants
for different reasons. Some are noted
with Map by A.M.C
for the beauty of their leaves, flowers
or seed-pods, or all three. (Where
the plants pointed out are not fully
developed, I may give the location of
mature examples elsewhere.) Some
plants have curious forms or stories
of special interest connected with them.
In still other cases I want to draw at-
tention to specimens that have possi-
bilities that should be better known.
This tour should be easy. Follow
the sequence of numbers on the map.
Use the "Key" to locate the number
and the name that follows it. Read
the description of the plant under its
number in the body of the article.
Most plants in the Zoo are labeled
with both common and scientific names
so you can check them.
When you have finished this tour,
think of the great variety of plant
shapes, sizes, textures and colors you
have seen and the many far-away
places that have contributed both ani-
mals and plants to the Zoo. Think
of the ingenuity, tenacity, flexibility
and understanding Mr. Tim Al lei-
must possess to create this Zoo Eden
and make it thrive. Think of Direc-
tor Charles Schroeder who is so vitall)
interested in promoting a Zoological
Garden in its fullest sense: a healthy,
educational complementary combina-
tion of living beauty from both ani-
mal and plant kingdoms.
In the end you will be sure to
''think'' thanks to Mr. C. I. Jerabek,
the San Diego Tree Man. for his in-
imitable way of making plants come
alive. In this, his Fifth Zoo Plan:
Tour, ''Jerry" tries again to persuade
visitors to become acquainted with
more new and interesting plant ma-
terials and their growth habits at the
Zoo and thus be better able to use
them to improve their own home sur-
roundings — like the old saw of
sauce for goose and ganders, what}
The Dragon Tree, Dracaena draco, (see Page 20),
AUGUST - SEPTEMBER. 1964
Begin this trip at the main gate.
Edging the plant bed at your left and
in many other places in the Zoo you
will see the gray Cushion Bush, (1)
Calocephalus broivni, from Australia.
When given a fairly dry well-drained
location this plant builds up silvery
mounds of foliage covered with yel-
low button blooms in mid-summer.
Low down, just past the two bronze
gorillas, is an interesting palm (2)
Trithrinax acanthocomn, from South
Brazil. A slow grower, it is now only
two feet high but it may reach 12 feet.
The solitary trunk covered with long
spines is three to four inches thick.
The palmate leaves are three feet
across. Look under the leaves to see
the thorns and the intricate weblike
covering formed by the leaf bases.
That beautiful fibrous pattern is the
distinctive feature on this small palm.
The creamy white flower stalks, up to
two feet long, are followed by attrac-
tive globular yellow-green fruit about
3/$ inch thick. There are two excel-
lent specimens in the Government Ex-
perimental Station on Torrey Pines
To the right of the palm is a large
clump of (3) Strelitzia Kegina, Bird-
of-Paradise Flower, which belongs to
the Banana family. Stout canna-like
leaves of glaucous green on long stems
spring from a ground clump. The
flowers are born on a scape 2 to 4 feet
tall, sometimes branching at the top.
The bright orange sepals stand above
the purple arrow-shaped stigmas that
open a few at a time, like a feathered
cockade above the highly colored
spathe or throat of the "bird." This
gorgeous plant will be seen all over
the Zoo. It grows so easily in San
Diego that it seems its blooms should
have been made the official flower.
Bear south on the main path to the
plants bordering the parking lot fence.
The bushy tree-like plant, (4) Metro-
ciderous tomentosa, called the New
Zealand Christmas Tree because it
blooms at that season there, while here
it puts on its show of clusters of bright
red staminate flowers in early summer.
Shining olive-green leaves with felted
backs, are another attraction. Excep-
tionally fine by the sea as in these ad-
dresses in La Jolla: 7865 El Paseo
Grande, 1831 and 6040 Camino de la
Costa, 338 Via del Norte and 471
A colorful plant, for our next con-
sideration, is (5) Callistemon vimin-
alis, Weeping Bottlebrush, a graceful
drooping tree from Australia. It has
red filaments on elongated corky stems
during the warm months. Its weeping
form makes it a graceful shrub or tall
g*** ~W- V
Draiving by Dorothy Landon
Calodendron Capense, Cape Chestnut.
tiller. It is fine for dry areas and will
tolerate poor soil.
Another gay shrub, a tall 8 feet
high, has many branches of downy
oval-oblong greyish-green leaves and
drooping terminal clusters of tubular
cyaneus-blue flowers, like glazed porce-
lain. Check the label for (6) lochroma
tubulosum, also called /. cyaneu?n or
Colombian Violet Bush, from Central
and South America. It belongs to the
Following is (7) Eugenia jambos,
the Rose Apple of East India. In
ample space it forms a handsome
medium-sized evergreen tree. When
young, the slender pointed leaves are
pinkish or wine colored, later they
turn a dark shiny green. Showy shav-
ing-brush flowers, greenish-white, de-
velop ovoid or globose fruits, pale
yellow or blush-pink, up to 2 inches in
size with one to three brown seeds. As
many as 7 to 8 plants may come from
Dv.iu'ine, b\ Dorothy Landon
lia. It has
each single polyembryonic seed. The
flesh has a rose-like aroma and taste,
generally used to flavor jams
The next tree, noticeable
is (8) Melaleuca
Fleece Tree from Austra
thick white bark, small
prickly leaves and many white bottle-
brush flowers that leave the stems stud-
ded with seed growths.
Observe the odd plant, only three
with flattened branches,
known as Ribbon Bush,
or Tapeworm plant (9)
Homalocladium platycladum is a na-
tive of the Solomon Islands. It is
sometimes an erect, but usually a
scrambling shrub with flat jointed
glossy light green stems about l / 2 i ncn
wide. At the extreme edges of these
flattened parts come tiny white flowers,
red in the bud, followed by deep red
or purplish berry-like bodies contain-
ing a lone seed. Just to be contrary,
sometimes small lanceolate leaves that
are usually absent, appear, and some-
times the flattish stems are round.
Near the end of this link fence are
two trees with a number of trunks. In
this city (10) Casimiroa edulis, the
White Sapote, grows medium high.
The palmate light-green leaves are
compounded of five leaflets of various
sizes. Small inconspicuous greenish -
yellow flowers are followed by ovoid
fruits up to 3 inches across when ma-
may be seen on
time. When ripe
fruit has creamy
2 to 5
ture. An unusual
at different stages
at the same
seeds. The leaves, dry or fresh, make
a tea that is good for high blood pres-
sure. See 3404 Front Street for an-
The 24 trees that form a shadv
canopy over the picnic tables on the
left are (11) Koelreutaria bipinnate,
Chinese Lantern or Golden Rain Tree
of Formosa. This small deciduous tree
rarely grows over 20 feet high. Dur-
ing the warmer months it is covered
with handsome fern-like leaves. Ter-
minal panicles of small yellow flowers
in summer become curious coral -
colored inflated capsules containing
shot-like seeds in the fall. A short
distance away these colorful bladder-
like pods resemble bougainvilleas.
Turn west and walk to the corner
beyond the new Hummingbird Cage
where there are two (12) Eucalyptus
mortoniana. a rare tree that is sup-
posed to be a hybrid of E. maideni and
E, globulus, raised by a Los Angeles
man from Australian seed.
Further down along this walk is a
double trunk Cape Chestnut, (13)
Calodendron capense which is indig-
enous to the coastal forests of South
and East Africa. This gray-barked tree-
may be evergreen or partly deciduous,
depending on its location. In the
spring its great attraction is the large
showy terminal panicles of rose-lilac
flowers, dotted with maroon-purple
glands. The warty woody fruit cap-
sules which follow are about 2 inches
in diameter. They open into 5 parts
containing 2 shiny black angled seeds
much like chestnuts.
On the way to the Reptile House
there is a group of Swamp Mahogany.
(14) Eucalyptus multiflora, formerly
E. robusta. on the corner. They have
lanceolate leaves, dark green on top.
lighter below. Numerous large tim-
brels of from 40 to 90 flowers of
creamy white bear out its Latin name.
The reddish bark is deeply furrowed.
It is a robust grower if well watered,
will even take brackish water.
Continue past the Reptile House to
the Flamingo enclosure, where (15)
Alpinia speciosa. the Shell Ginger of
Eastern Asia, forms a tropical back-
drop for the salmon crested Cockatoo.
These graceful evergreen plants have
long stems of smooth leaves and
drooping spikes of shell-like buds like
glazed china. A few open at a time
to show the yellow and white waxy
AUGUST - SEPTEMBER. 196 i
Drawing by Alfred Hottes
Ochna Mulyiflora, Mickey Mouse Plant
Walk along the front of the pool
to its narrow end where there is an
unusual plant (16) Beaucamea recur-
vata, known as Elephant's Foot, which
the trunk resembles. A member of the
Lily family, it comes from the arid
regions of Texas and Mexico. This
tree-like plant with the swollen base,
has open branches each topped by a
rosette of narrow drooping thin green
leaves. Short stalked inflorescences of
small white flowers top these green
mops in late summer, when it is par-
ticularly handsome. Don't prepare to
wait, for it only flowered for the third
time in twenty-seven years in Novem-
ber, 1961. The leaves are used for
coarse hats and mats.
The canyon that goes downhill is
a beautiful mass of Green Ebony, (17)
Jacaranda acutijolia, a tree from
Tropical America with fern-like foli-
age and bluish-purple flowers in early
summer. It is variably deciduous for
a short time in late winter. (See ful-
ler description in this magazine.)
Now turn and cross the street to the
plants to the left of the arching Res-
taurant entrance, and look for three
small (18) Gardenia thunbergia, from
South Africa. We should see more of
these slow-growing shrubs with their
twisty glossy deep-green leaves. A lone
flower whirls out from a long tube
into a fragrant wheel of overlapping
petals. The woody seed-pods, nearly
6 inches long, and 3 or more inches
around, end in a tail.
The grotesque trees on each side oi
the rest rooms are (19) Dracena draco,
the Dragon Tree from the Canary Is-
lands. To call it a palm is erroneous,
as it belongs to the Lily family, one
of the few of this group that makes a
tree. This monstrous plant, more cur-
ious than beautiful, always has a
stodgy trunk with stubby thick
branches, crowned with rosettes of
sword-like fleshy glaucous green leaves
that, when pulled off, show an orange
juice supposed to resemble dragon's
blood. Small greenish-yellow flowers
are followed by orange fruits, marble
size. There are other larger specimens
in the Zoo. One outside, at 2040 Dale,
has multiple trunks, one at 1244 26th
is tree form.
In a circle in the pavement as you
walk north is a Sugar Gum, the one
most commonly seen in San Diego.
(20) Eucalyptus dado calyx is a na-
tive Australian that can reach a height
of 150 feet. This single specimen il-
lustrates the stately beauty of this
Take the next path to the waterfall
to see a very small sample of one of
my favorite plants. Towards the base
of the dining area, beneath the exit
ramp, between a pine and a Opsiandra
Maya Palm, you will see a low, many-
stemmed (21) Laurus nobilis. Sweet
or Royal Bay, also called the true
Laurel of the ancients. Grown na-
turally, it has many trunks. When all
but one are removed it becomes a fair
size tree. Numerous branches bear
stiff thin dull aromatic leaves some-
times used in cooking. Greenish-yel-
low flowers are inconspicuous. The
Romans crowned their heroes with
wreaths of these leaves. Caesar often
wore a laurel wreath. History does
not record whether it was for his ac-
complishments or just to cover his
bald head. The laurel endures abuse
and neglect so it is often trimmed into
various shapes; see the three attractive
boxes at 410 West Upas.
Further along is a slender tree of
(22) Chorisia speciosa, Floss Silk
Tree of South America. The trunk
of this bottle-shaped tree is heavily
studded with stout sharp thorns. It
has light green palmate foliage in
spring and summer. When the leaves
fall late in the year it may be covered
with spectacular five-petaled flowers of
crimson to pink. The pear-shaped
fruit contains seeds packed in a silky
floss that is sometimes used as stuffing
for inexpensive pillows. In its native
country the tree reaches 50 feet with
a diameter of 6 feet. The trunk is
used for dug-out canoes. There are
other trees in Mission Valley in the
parking lots of May Co. and Wards.
Behind the Chorisia is a large
banana-leaved plant, (23) Strelitzia
nicolai, Giant Bird - of - Paradise of
South Africa. The curiously shaped
flowers are encased in canoe-like pur-
ple bracts. The blossoms have white
sepals and very light blue petals. The
plant is a big grower.
Now turn around and retrace your
steps until, a little beyond the 15 foot
palm on your right you can see a small
sample of (24) Ochna inultiflora.
This shrub has beautiful leaves, small,
serrate, glossy and pink-tinged when
young. The stems are rough as sand-
paper. In spring it has golden butter-
cup flowers that develop into striking
reddish calyxes enclosing up to four
fruits. At first they are like small
green peas, but later they turn jet
black, which gives rise to the common
Araucaria bidwilli, Bunya-Bunya Pine
names, Mickey Mouse and Bird's Eye.
This handsome tall filler should be
Back on the main path, just beyond
a Bottlebrush ( 5 ) in a cement planter,
you will find a wispy gray plant against
a rock near the edge of the water.
This thready shrub that belongs to the
Dogwood family is a prize winner
when well grown. (25) Corokia co-
toneaster. of New Zealand and the
Chatham Islands, is an artistic dwarf
shrub noted for its curious interlacing
black branches and round to spatulate
leaves, dark green above with felted
reverses. The small yellow sweet-
scented flowers, borne towards the
ends of the short twigs, are star-
shaped. It has many tiny roundish
berries, deep orange or red. Good for
tubs or hedges, especially near the
On this same peninsula, about half-
way between the two tall palms, is a
small bushy (26) Chiranthodendron
platanoides, commonly called Devil's
or Monkey's Hand Treee, but, in its
native Mexico and Central America,
it is known as Macpalxochiquahuitl.
This evergreen has large sycamore-
like leaves, slightly downy on the re-
verse side, with prominent veins. The
curious flowers are parted and cup-
shaped with thick leathery sepals that
are reddish brown outside and bright
red inside. Its red stamens are united
one third of their length then separ-
ated to resemble a hand with claws on
the outspread fingers. For summer
flowers see one with many trunks at
8213 San Carlos Drive, (San Carlos).
One with single trunk at 3141 Sha-
dowlawn, near garage, (Loma Portal)
and a tree-like one at 5878 Potomac
Way (Paradise Hills).
After passing the service parking
area turn right at the first walkway.
Fifteen feet ahead on your right is a
bulky shrub with large roundish leaves
each with several pointed lobes. This
(27) Dombeya ivallichi, Pink Ball, or
Draiving by Alfred Hotter
Chiranthopendron Playanoioes, Monkey's Hand Tree
Weeping Hydranga, from East Africa
and Madagascar, belongs to the Cho-
colate family. In the spring it is
heavy with many pendulous pink balls.
Each individual flower has 5 petals
and 15 to 20 stamens.
Further on are three (28) Olea
europa. Common Olive of the Med-
iterranean region. In years gone by
swindlers sold thousands of these wild
seedlings to the early settlers as good
varieties. Today they are popular again
as it seems every subdivision must have
a few olive trees.
Walk until you are almost opposite
the end of the Penguin tanks. The
thorny tree on the right is (29) Arau-
caria bidivilli, Bunya-Bunya Pine from
Australia. At this young stage the
lower branches are distinctly droop-
ing, and circled with dark-green sharp-
pointed leaves. Older trees become
Drawing b\ Dorothy handon
Seedpod of Monkey's Hand Tree
huge. They bear large pineapple-
shaped cones which weigh up to ten
pounds and measure as much as a
foot long. One cone will yield eighty
or more two-inch seeds. When boiled,
salted and roasted they have a flavor
halfway between almonds and chest-
nuts. They are considered highly nu-
tritious. The wood is very strong,
beautifully grained, polishes well and
can be worked with great facility. The
large cones are plentiful every three
years. For nut-bearing trees look east
of the Botanical Building in Balboa
Park, west of the Club House at Sixth
and Ivy or near the 25th Street en-
trance of Golden Hill Park.
The next thorny tree is (30) Caes-
alphiia echinata, Brazil Wood. It is
a small tree with low spiney branches
and armed pinnate leaves of a dark
glossy green. The small flowers are
canary-yellow followed bv showy
twisted oblong pods about 3 inches
long, colored red and yellow.
At the intersection of the path turn
left. On your left is another Olive
(28) and a (11) Koelreutaria. Op-
posite them, on the hard ground slope
to the right is a group of (31) C?stu.\
purpureus, orchid-colored Rock Rose
It is a small compact shrub with rough
leaves and 3 -inch lilac-purple flowers
with a maroon blotch at the yellow
base of the petals.
This is the end of my short, easy
tour, the one with a map. If you like
it. ask for more.
AUGUST - SEPTEMBER. 1964
The spuria iris, as found in our
gardens of today, has been developed
from a number of species which are
widely distributed from Europe to
China with the most found in the
Mediterranean area. Collection for
garden use was begun as early as 1753
and with Ochroleuca in 1771. This
variety is pretty widely distributed in
the U.S.A. and has even gone wild
again along some rivers in Montana,
which certainly proves its hardiness.
On the other extreme, spuriae can
be grown in the hot, dry desert coun-
try and the deep south, where the tall
bearded have a difficult time of it.
There was considerable hybridi2ing
work done in England near the turn
of the century and some of their
efforts are shown today with Premier,
A. L. Balfour, and Cambridge Blue.
These are rather small flowers that
look spidery in comparison with mod-
ern sorts but they have unfading color
that we do not seem to be able to
The first hybridizing work with
them in this country seems to have
been done by T. A. Washington of
Tenn., in the early 1930's, but few
of his are still around. Those of the
English breeders as well as Mr. Wash-
ington's, are usually difficult to cross
with Nies and Millikin lines. Fairy
Wand has flower placement on the
stem that I would very much like to
Eric Nies produced quite a number
of spuria largely in brown, blue and
yellow combinations with the browns
appearing from what were supposed
to be blue crosses.
Millikin's White Heron and Wadi
Zem Zem with their large size, have
been very useful for large whites and
especially yellows. The latter seems
to head the list for robust good health.
By Walker Ferguson
Marion Walker took over the Nies
lines at the time of Mr. Nies' death
and has produced a lot of fine spurias
most of which I have not seen as yet,
as I cannot drive far.
My interest in spurias dates back
about a dozen years when I decided
that I couldn't cope with the great
number of tall bearded iris which were
being introduced every year. I found
that the spurias grew well here and
with some testing, also decided that
they could be left dry through the
hot summer months which is a real
help here where everything depends
on irrigation. I have never seen a
well established spuria die from lack
of water and have let some go for
several years where the annual rainfall
might be as low as 5 inches.
Of course, to have the best blooms,
good watering practice is essential and
they are gross feeders. The plants
start to go dormant about July 1 and
I stop watering until about the first
of October when new growth starts.
Some balanced fertilizer may be ap-
plied but the main fertilization may
be done about the first of February
when the real growth comes. The tops
and flower stems should be cut off
when they turn brown and I find a
knife with sort of a hooked blade (as
used by linoleum workers) to be the
most satisfactory tool.
Spuria flowers come in many colors,
shapes and sizes but when we say the
flower is white, it means white stand-
ards and white falls with a yellow sig-
nal patch which all hybridizers have
tried to eliminate but without real suc-
cess. The blues and in fact all colors
except the yellows have this same sig-
nal in some degrees of yellow or
brown. Blues and browns seem to
fade in hot sunshine. Their entire un-
predictability makes hybridizing spur-
ias a most interesting pastime. As an
illustration here are the results of a
crossing of two browns from different
lines : yellow, plum, no bloom,
brown, not open, brown, white, yel-
low, yellow, dark blue, yellow, blue
and yellow. The dark blue may be
worth saving. There is also consid-
erable variation in height of plant and
size and shape of flowers. Eric Nies'
wanted spurias for background plants
in landscape gardening. At first I ad-
mired the tall growers also but now
I orefer something not over four feet.
When the flower buds start to open,
they often seem to give promise of
new wonders that are not fulfilled
with the opening of the flower. The
falls may tuck under so they are nearly
hidden from view, or they may twist
or pinch, that is, fold, and colors may
soon fade. Also the color on the first
year bloom is often much better than
it ever seems again. There have been
buds that appeared very lavender but
within a day, looked almost white.
Also ruffling may show less in future
When I started to grow seedlings,
there appeared some with falls that
seemed chopped off, with a horned
effect on the reverse and perhaps an
extreme open V in the standards. I
believe that came largely from the
variety Two Opals.
Then, later, there were stems with
wide branching but they look top
heavy to me. The most disappointing
and hard to correct feature is too few
flowers to the stem and a bunching
tendency that is made worse as the
flowers get larger. I am satisfied with
four or five well spaced flowers.
As I have mentioned, I do not get
around to see other gardens and have
such an abundance of seedlings that
I haven't bought any new things for
10 years. Tell sent me his little red
and it does show quite red. Ben Hager
sent some that he plans to introduce
and his Elixir is a brilliant orangey
yellow of good form and substance.
Driftwood (Nies-Walker) is a beau-
tiful smooth brown that seems to have
trouble in humid climates.
So we come to the ones I consider
best of the hundreds of seedlings
grown during the past ten years.
Wakerobin is a good-growing
white that has a bit of ruffling and a
fairly small signal patch. There are
two other seedlings with less signal
but not as good flowers.
Thrush Song is a blu-purple with
considerable brown in the falls.
Good Nature — a large flaring yel-
low that can grow too tall to suit me.
Windfall, a white with large signal,
puts on a great show in a clump with
good flower spacing.
Ruffled Moth, light blue and yellow,
depends on its exceptional ruffling.
Several years ago, I succeeded in
raising two seedlings from a Premier
Two Opals cross that had bright violet
standards and light yellow falls quite
heavily lined and bordered in violet.
Some experimental work with one of
these now named Counterpoint, has
shown what seems to be considered
unusual and worthwhile flowers.
Spring Plum has the same general
pattern in a different shade.
Contradiction and Moon By Day-
are from the same seed pod but one is
of orchhid brown and the other blue
and white markings. Other later cross-
es are now on the way.
This year, I have especially liked
a yellow that I selected two years ago.
It has color, size, ruffling, flare and
substance, opens early but continues.
The plant is good but flowers, though
well above the foliage, bunch a bit.
There are some violets that seem
new and real good; some very dark
ones in maroon or brown. Another
that appeals to me has just off-white
standards and light yellow falls. I like
its ruffling, shape and carriage.
Good blues seem hard to find with
Ruth Nies Cabeen not holding its
color. There is a light blue, a medium
and one quite dark that I shall test for
During the past few years, there
has been one rather marked change
in the shape of the flowers that we
hybridizers, at least, like best. When
an older sort was called large, it
might have standards and falls not too
wide but with the falls widely ex-
tended and usually droopy.
Now a more compact type of flow-
er is in favor and just where it started
is hard to say. The flowers of today
not only come in a greater variety of
colors but the standards and falls are
wider and usually quite ruffled. Hafts
are short which helps to give a more
Mr. Lenz collected a great variety
of species in Europe a few years ago
and probably new and perhaps start-
ling flowers may come from their use
with these we now have. I set out
about 750 little seedlings this spring
from many crosses. By the time they
have shown their colors, I will be 80
years old and should be able to control
my curiosity enough to be satisfied
with ordering a few plants from other
But it has been fun and a lot of it
has come from meeting people inter-
ested in spurias and in correspon-
dence with others as far away as
Spurias have superior value as cut
flowers, with several blooms opening
in succession, and as corsages — they
are called the poor man's orchids.
A Spuria hybridist for many years.
Mr. Ferguson speaks with authority
on their propagation and on their
great value for hot areas, even Ei
Centro. He has established his blue
ribbon stock in Escondido. Be alert
to these new colored beauties for
NOW . . .
Insect-Proof Your Lawn, Trees & Shrubs
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AUGUST - SEPTEMBER.. 1964
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LA MESA NURSERY
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Flowers for all Occasions
333* F,'+% Ave. 233-7101
By Dorothy Saffer
Two Claremont gardens, landscaped
by the owners with prime considera-
tion for their children's outdoor acti-
vities, were open to the public in May,
on the Third Annual Spring Tour of
the Clairemont Woman's Club.
Councilman and Mrs. Jack Walsh,
of 4020 Mt. Brundage, have suited
their canyon lot to the needs of a
baby girl, five boys 2 to 6 years old
and their playmates. The covered
patio adjoining the living room on
the west overlooks the garden scene
and becomes the entertainment cen-
ter for the entire family. Just beyond
is a graveled play area equipped with
swings, trapeze and a unique missile
nose cone, a "junior spaceman's" de-
light. Here the activities of small
children may be supervised from any
part of the grounds.
Specimen plants, mostly tropicals,
border the redwood fence on the south
while colorful petunias and flax
mingle on the right side of this sec-
tion as it slopes down to the grass-
covered plot on the edge of the can-
yon. Over a period of two years Mr.
Walsh filled in this lower portion,
which doubles the size of the back
yard. Under two of the five olive trees
in this part of the garden is a picnic
table with benches. Numerous varie-
ties of succulents are in the flower
beds along the back fence. Other trees,
strategically placed in the lawn, chal-
lenge the climbing skills of the boys
and provide the necessary shade for
their play during the hot afternoons.
The farthest reclaimed area is
screened from the house by hibiscus
and a large Washington Palm in a cir-
cular rock planter. In that corner,
where the noise is somewhat dimin-
ished, is the children's own domain,
for imaginative and active play, with
lookout posts, forts and olive trees
to hide in, and the real climbing bars
DON'T BE A
Photograph by Mrs. Michael Ginger
Walsh garden view, from children's play-yard.
*J*S> i .
It.. ^ ^*-
Kaczur garden showing fishpond.
by the grapestake fence. Here also,
heavy cement slabs make a rustic
raised firepit for the bonfires or bar-
becues that always seem to draw the
family circle closer.
The garden of Mr. and Mrs. Harry
Kaczur, of 5011 Northaven Avenue,
is entered through a very large patio
covered with fiber glass. This offers
ample space for lounging and dining
furniture as well as a ping pong table.
The decorative stone floor was laid, a
section or two at a time, by the home-
owners. A popular spot is the well-
designed circular firepit for outdoor
cooking bordered by a handy "L"-
shaped bench. Three "do-it-yourself-
ers," a boy of 8 and two girls, 11 and
15, added the attractive fishpond, com-
plete with goldfish and waterfall.
Spaces were left in the stonework to
fit gallon cans so the plant decor can
be changed as desired. Plenty of out-
door lighting and electrical units per-
mit extensive enjoyment of the patio
which is enlivened with fuchsia, fern
and succulent hanging baskets, and
pots of begonias, clivias and cymbi-
For privacy the extensive back yard
is enclosed by a high redwood fence
which also acts as a windbreak and a
handsome background for plants in the
two-foot high bed in front of it. This
planter keeps acanthus, rice-paper
plants and seasonal flowers out of the
way of children.
A large part of the garden is in
lush green lawn that is an invitation
Photograph by M
to sun bathing, tumbling, wrestling,
croquet and other lawn games. Red-
wood edging sunk flush with the
ground holds the grass in place so it
is easier to care for. The same curb-
ing holds back an angular pattern filled
with white aggregate next to the re-
taining wall, accented at regular in-
tervals with citrus trees.
Two trees with dark green foliage,
fragrant white flowers and edible fruit
provide shade for the main garden.
They are Blighia sapid a, named for
the British mariner who wrote about
the South Seas. The natives call the
At the far corner of the garden, be-
hind two low swinging doors is an
area designated for a future lathhouse
for Mrs. Kaczur who already has
shelves of cymbidiums and orchid cacti
thriving under a seran screen. The rest
of the space serves the youngsters as
a play yard, a small zoo for various
pets and a growing ground for their
vegetables and seeds. Against the
north fence is space for a bed of cut-
ting flowers behind a row of healthy
fruit trees. A vegetable garden in two
long redwood planters, raised about
ten inches, is just outside the kitchen
To put the r 'play" in these yards.
imagine the two Kaczur children
around their fishpond and the five
lively sun-burned Walsh boys scam-
pering all over their "activity corner."
SAN DIEGO'S LARGEST
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tention to your every garden need. 7
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Overlooking La Jolla Shores, Hillside
Nursery is Just up the hill from Torrey
Pines Road, or down the hill from Mt.
Soledad. Whichever approach you take,
you'll find a WONDERLAND OF PLANTS—
rare begonias, philodendrons, tropicals,
fine house plants — a wide variety of nursery
stock, always at a peak of perfection.
Corey Hogewoning, Prop.
AUGUST - SEPTEMBER. 1964
By Helen Marie Stegar
This picture shows one of the many
treats in store for those who are plan-
ning on visting the Desert Plant
Garden at the Huntington Library and
Art Gallery grounds at San Marino,
California. The Garden, one of many,
devoted entirely to cacti and succu-
lents, now covers ten acres. This pic-
ture was taken by Helen Ellsberg,
photographer, teacher, and contribu-
tor to many national magazines, when
she accompanied the San Diego Cactus
and Succulent Society on a tour to the
The specimen shown may be seen
as you walk down the hill toward the
lower section of the Garden. The
grouping looks so very natural that it
belies its careful planning and plant-
ing. The barrel-like Echinocactus gru-
sonii in the foreground are shown off
nicely against the columnar Cephalo-
cereus senilis and one of the Cereus
in the extreme background.
Common names of the Echinocactus
are Barrel or Hedgehog Cactus. An-
other is the compass cactus. The first
comes understandably from its size
and shape and the second from the
fact that this cactus seems to grow
somewhat faster on its shade side and
so has a tendency to lean toward the
south. This cactus is also called the
Golden Barrel Cactus because of the
golden glow that seems to permeate
the coloring of the spines and the
lovely crown of flowers it wears in the
The yellow flowers of medium size,
with inbricated scales on flower tubes,
circle the crown of the plant like a
halo. The fruit, densely covered with
white wool, is a favorite of small
The Echinocactus is very cylindrical
with many vertical ribs covered with
large areoles and strong spines. This
Genera closely resembles another of
its family, the Ferocactus. Native
plants come from the home state of
Hidalgo, Mexico, where they can grow
so large that they have to be taken
from the ground with the aid of a
crane. Specimens often weigh hun-
dreds of pounds, but it takes many
years to reach this size.
In the center of the picture are the
cacti Cephalocereus senilis, columnar
plants covered with white wooly hair
at the top. This is the cactus com-
monly called the Old Man, another
native plant of Mexico. Its short,
funnel-shaped flowers open at night.
They nest in the white wooly hair
like so many colorful birds ruffling
their wings for flight. This plant is
cultivated everywhere for its unique
Photograph by Helen Ellsberg
In the left background of the pic-
ture is a stand of one of the many
members of the Cereus genus, a cac-
tus that grows quite large and has
many fluted branches.
Cacti such as these from the hot
deserts must be watered only every
three to four weeks during the win-
ter, and best to do it on sunny days.
Plant cacti on a slope to allow for
drainage of all excessive moisture.
Spring and summer are the natural
growth periods for cacti, and they
should be watered more often during
their growing season.
The San Diego Cactus and Succu-
lent Society not only win blue ribbons
but they also get around, as their staff
editor reports. She also found a pho-
tographer who gives an extra bonus
with her picture. Try to locate the
THE SHOW'S THE THING
It's show time for San Diego's
dahlia growers. The 24th annual two-
day show staged by the San Diego
County Dahlia Society will open at 2
p.m. Saturday, Aug. 1, in Balboa
Park's Conference Building. Sunday
show hours are 10 a.m. to 7 p.m. A
small admission charge is made, with
children under 12 admitted free. Al-
though the dahlia society is comprised
of horticulture hobbyists and specimen
blooms predominate at the show, a
feature of the exhibition is a large
arrangement section. Mrs. R. M. Mid-
dleton, chairman of the arrangements
committee, says the large number of
entries shows the versatility of dahlias
in all kinds of arrangements. Last
year's show attracted 139 competitive
arrangements. The number of ar-
rangements classes has been increased
The show is under the general di-
rection of Victor Kerley, president of
the society, with W. B. Lohman the
show manager. Assistant managers
are Clay Finley, John C. Wright, and
Virgil V. Brown.
The show manager expects more
flowers to be exhibited by more exhi-
bitors this year than last when 86 ex-
hibitors made 1435 entries. About
5000 dahlias are expected to be on
display. There were about 4500 last
The wide variety of classes offer
special attraction to the ordinary flower
lover who likes to have dahlias grow-
ing in the garden to supply color and
cutflowers for the house. Here thev
may look over all the current varieties
in the size they most prefer, select
favorites and obtain the names of the
dahlias as a guide for growing in
their own gardens next year.
In addition to growing and exhibi-
ting dahlias, the Society's hobby grow-
ers like to talk about them, and sev-
eral will be on duty in the show hall
at all times to answer questions.
Whether the questions concern culture
or sources of supply or recommended
varieties, the show hosts will provide
In addition, the show is a working
demonstration of how to exhibit
dahlias in competition or for home
decoration, for bouquets or for ar-
rangements, both formal and mass dis-
The show visitor will notice that
all specimen blooms have foliage; the
rules require at least one set of leaves.
Stems of the larger ones will be at
least 12 inches long and of the
smaller, attractively proportionate. The
flowers will be free of buds, will stand
erect, and will face the exhibitor (the
exhibitor hopes) .
There are special rules for dahlias
in the arrangements which permit
shorter stems as required, and which
permit use of other foliage, filler,
figurines, and other accessories.
Another opportunity for the average
gardener to get better acquainted with
dahlias is provided in the separation
of the exhibition classes into types as
well as colors and sizes. By actually
comparing the blooms, it will be easy
to detect the difference between formal
and informal and between cactus and
A new feature of this year's show
will be a court of honor made up of
the best blooms in each exhibitor sec-
tion, from novice to open-to-all. For
the first time a best-amateur-bloom will
be selected, in addition to the best-in-
show. The court of honor also will
have the largest and the smallest,
ranging from 15 inches down to a
half-inch or so, and the newest in
Many of the world's top exhibition
dahlias started as seedlings exhibited
for their first time at the San Diego
show. These have included origina-
tions by R. Paul Comstock of Solana
Beach and by Nat Lundgren of Santa
Cruz in recent years, and other San
Diegans and Southern California grow-
ers in past years.
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JAPANESE FLORAL ART
One block west of the stop light in
Bromeliads and Orchids
House Plants a Specialty
ON THE PLAZA — 755-1949 — OPEN DAILY
Send Your Greetings
THE BAMBOO TREE
5029 Newport Ave. 222-0589
Flowers • Gifts • Oriental Imports
Ikebana and Bonsai
Open Daily — Free Delivery
30 Day Accounts on Approved Credit
530 Garnet Pacific Beach
121 W. Juniper-Just off First Ave. Bus
AUGUST - SEPTEMBER. 1964
Comstock, Lundgren and others are
expected to have this year's seedling
offerings on the bench when judging
begins. One of Comstock's origina-
tions, offered to the public for the
first time this year, and to be exhibited
at this year's show in competitive
classes is a huge blend named John
Gregory for a resident of Rancho
Other famous Comstock flowers to
be seen include Lula Pattie, a white,
which has won many largest-in-show
trophies in the last three years, and
the ball-round yellow First Lady, top
dahlia winner everywhere for the last
When the visitor sees all of the
blooms standing erect and in orderly
lines on the benches he will be seeing
the reason for a year-around hobby
followed by the dahlia society's mem-
bers and by many other dahlia grow-
Most of the exhibitors are men, al-
though some of the women members
are stiff competitors on the specimen
tables, in addition to the arrangements
They will have cut their flowers
during the late afternoon and early
evening the day before the show, plac-
ing them immediately in deep buckets
of air-temperature water to stage over-
night. All foliage below the water
line will have been removed as the
long stems are cut. The flowers will
have been carried to the show in the
buckets hauled in trucks, in the backs
of cars, or in the loving hands of the
grower riding in the front seat.
Each bloom will have been given
close inspection to see that no dirt
shows on the leaves, and that the stem
is long enough, but not too long, and
that the bloom faces just right when
it is placed in a vase. Plain water will
fill the vases. No preservatives are
necessary for the blooms to remain
fresh and attractive through the show,
or on for a couple of days, for that
Each entry card will have been made
out with the name of the exhibitor,
the name of the variety, and the entry
class. And the exhibitor will hope
for a winner to bring home a trophy.
S.D. County Dahlia Society
BLOOMING PLANTS AT
7555 EADS AVENUE • LA JOLLA
Our rather late cool Spring has pro-
duced some unusually fine sturdy
fuchsia plants, as their peak bloom-
ing season was delayed by lack of
warm sunshine. This can give the
grower advantages such as heavier
bloom, bigger and more brilliant
flowers, longer and more repeated
blooming periods and, best of all, bet-
ter resistance to drought, insect infec-
tion or indifferent care. The out-
standing advantages of well-grown,
sturdy, healthy material are most im-
portant to remember in choosing new
plants for the garden.
With the hottest part of the season
yet to come the most essential things
to watch now are proper moisture at
all times, protection from too much
sun and wind, regular and frequent
checking of container plants for dry-
ness (even on cool foggy days) and a
bi-weekly fish-emulsion base feeding
to keep plants up to par.
Fuchsias and other plants of rain-
forest origin are best kept moist dur-
ing hot or windy weather by fogging
mists into the air about them as well
as by slow watering around the plant
roots. After the deep watering needed
occasionally to leach out injurious min-
erals in our soil, more fresh soil
should be added to replace that washed
away. Unlike some plants, fuchsias are
not easily overwatered in summer,
provided they have good drainage.
Although remarkably free from most
plant diseases, fuchsias are afflicted by
some of the pests found in mild cli-
mates, especially if they are under-par
or neglected towards the hot dry end
of the blooming season. White fly and
aphids may cause leaf curl, red spider
mites and thrip are blamed for leaf
discoloration and dropping of foliage.
As a preventive, frequent sharp spray-
ing with water on both under and
upper sides of the leaves plus occa-
sional applications of mild insecticides
containing nicotine sulphate, pyre-
thrum, rotenone or lindane should suf-
fice. If an infestation should occur,
sprays containing malathion may be
required. For white fly, thrip, worms
and caterpillars sometimes prevalent
early in the season, DDT sprays are
recommended, but remember that sen-
sitive fuchsia plants may be defoliated
or injured by the use of chemicals that
are stronger than necessary. Beware
of ants nearby or on your plants. They
are known to give comfort and suc-
cor to some enemy insects.
Now is the time to enjoy our gar-
dens and all they produce, in all their
uses. In the current widespread recog-
nition and popularity of fuchsias, their
distinctive possibilities in flower ar-
rangements, corsages and for table de-
cor with ferns have been a pleasant
surprise to many flower lovers. Floated
in a big brandy snifter or crystal bowl,
blooms of some huge new varieties
make a striking table decoration.
Among the few plants that bloom
best in shady places, the fuchsia, with
its many eye-catching colors, unusual
new forms and aristocratic daintiness,
adds charm to any garden. Baskets of
light-colored varieties for dull garden
nooks, or among big ferns, create an
effect of restful serenity that makes
one want to linger. If nearby there are
the comfortable seats that every good
garden should have, here may be your
favorite retreat from the tensions so
common now and an avenue towards
the much needed peace and hopeful-
ness that so many people seem to be
Morrison W . Doty
S.D. Fuchsia Society
With the proper watering and feed-
ing and the friendly environment of
San Diego climate, rose bushes by
now are looking large and crowded.
The average visitor with good reason
remarks "I've never seen such rose
bushes — how do you do it?" With
our long growing season, this growth
in itself becomes a problem unless the
bushes are planted four feet or more
apart. But if this is done, an occasional
straggler makes an uneven appearance
in the bed. It is preferable, in my
opinion, to plant closer together (30
36 inches) and then try to keep things
Continuing disbudding all year, al-
lows freedom when blooms are cut
to remove long growth to a reason-
able height. If the bush is spreading
at all, cut to an inside eye to force
the bush up and not out. Prune any
unproductive "twiggy" growth from
the lower part of the bush. This tends
to open the inside of the bush and give
better ventilation. However, don't re-
move any good basal breaks that look
as if they are going to amount to
something. Considerable judgment
should be used in this mid-summer
pruning. If the bush is not crowded
and is not growing rampantly — leave
it alone. It probably needs all the
leaves it has for food production.
Mid-summer presents no special
problems otherwise. With hot dry
weather, make sure there is plenty of
water. You can evaluate the need very
easily by having a few sticks in the
soil to a depth of about eight inches
and then pull them out once in awhile
to see if the clinging earth is still damp
appearing. If not, it is watering time
and then put the equivalent of one or
two inches in the bed.
Mildew and rust are always a threat
and warm weather is red spider time.
With Acti Dion-PM for the former
and Cygon for spider and thrip, a
healthy rose bed is easier these days.
Dust with any good rose dust a couple
of times a month (from above) to
give beetles and other chewing insects
something to think about. Dust should
be used in addition to the other two.
By itself it never did anything for me
in controlling mildew, rust, thrip or
If you are a real rose enthusiast, you
know by this time that the two 1965
All America Rose Selections are Mister
Lincoln and Camelot. Both are prod-
ucts of the great California team of
hybridizers, Herbert Swim and Ollie
Weeks. Mister Lincoln is a velvety
red hybrid tea — a cross between
Chrysler Imperial and Charles Mal-
lerin. It is supposed to surpass both
parents in fragrance — no mean feat if
true. Camelot is a cross of Circus and
Queen Elizabeth and is described as a
coral pink grandiflora. It is supposed
to have an intense attar of roses frag-
rance which would make it one of the
VISIT OUR NEW
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Relax in our FUCHSIA HOUSE —
Enjoy the hospitality of our COFFEE BAR —
955 First St. (Hwy. 101) Encinitas
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G. S. I0HNS0N ROSE NURSERY
8549 MAGNOLIA AVENUE, SANTEE, CALIFORNIA
CLOSED ALL SUMMER
LOOK FOR OPENING IN OCTOBER
Aragro Fish Emulsion — Deodorized 100% Organic
Liquid Concentrate. Ideal for Orchids, Fuchsias
ARAGRO 10-5-5 is a liquid plant food blended
with Organic Fish Concentrate to give a scien-
tifically balanced fertilizer. The Organic Nitro-
gen, Phosphate and Potash are immediately
available to promote vigorous plant growth.
ARAGRO has the mild acidity of Organic Fish
Concentrate and is an ideal plant food for use
on lawns, trees and shrubs, vegetables and
flowers. It is both Root feeding and Leaf feeding.
ARAGRO 4-10-8 is specially formulated for the
production of flowers and fruit. It is a liquid
plant food prepared by blending a highly acidic
organic liquid fertilizer with deodorized Organic
Fish Concentrate. After plants are grown with
ARAGRO (10-5-5), ARAGRO 4-10-8 promotes the
growth of numerous large flowers with strong
stems, large fruit and firm fruiting vegetables.
Available at your Nursery — Ask tor it
ARA CHEM, INC.
SAN DIEGO 5, CALIF.
AUGUST - SEPTEMBER, 1964
DEL MAR COUNTY FAIR — Tuberous begonia exhibit by Howard Voss. Photo Courtesy Del Mar County Fair
Those who enjoyed the tuberous begonias at the Fair will be happy to see the above portion of the big first prize
blooms from Fncimtas. The Men's Garden Club, kept up its exhibition record by winning another chest-expanding rib-
bon. The San Diego Cactus and Succulent Society scored a double header, two blues with two entries! Geroge Evans
was in there with his usual restful and artistic shade gardens. There was a notable improvement in the entries of
the newer garden clubs. That long row of Desert gardens proves Bob Lamp's showmanship in laying out floor
spaces. The new Bonsai displays were another attractive addition. The whole caliber of the Garden show was execel-
lent. Incidently. the resourcefulness and equanimity of Bob Lamp. Show Manager, even under most trying and press-
ing conditions, deserves the highest praise.
few fragrant grandifloras. This re-
porter has no personal knowledge of
these roses, so we must wait and see if
they live up to expectations. I looked
for them in Rose Hills, Descanso Gar-
dens and Exposition Park but either
missed them or didn't recognize the
trial number. Perhaps by next issue I
can give a first hand report. Fragrant
roses are more than welcome.
Dr. Donald A. Wilson
President, S.D. Rose Society
Summer has promoted new sets of
bud growth for our coming flowering
season. On many varieties you prob-
ably noted single, dual or cluster buds
on the spring tip growth in early
June. As they gain size it would bene-
fit the plant and the quality of the
bloom to thin the crop down to a
single bud or not more than two (one
early and one late) on each stem.
If you completed the second appli-
cation of fertilizer by July first dark
green glossy leaves should now indi-
cate a natural and healthy state of
growth. The third and final applica-
tion, as is normally done, finds Sep-
tember first a good time to meet the
season's food demands, in addition to
Pinching the tip out of new sum-
mer growth can do much toward mak-
ing shapely plants without too much
sacrifice of wood.
If you followed a grafting program
to add a few favorites to your collec-
tion they should now be uncovered
and new growth hardened. Light
watering is a good practice for a while
until more leaf structure is developed.
No fertilizing is really best advice for
several months. When the grafts have
knitted well, tree seal may be applied
on the unions. Some staking and ty-
ing is a good idea unless they have
All plants, young or old, are prey-
to the aphids and cheivers. As ad-
vised earlier, apply a regular spray
with some of the many recommended
materials at three to four week inter-
Harvey F. Short
S.D. Camellia Society
A few years ago the writer of this
column told all the wrong things the
recipient of a tuberous begonia gift
did to that plant until it died. This
description of how she followed the
nurseryman's instructions to care for
a new plant furnishes exact and timely
advice again . . .
You learn that the plants should be
kept moist, but not wet; that they like
a location that is protected from the
wind, but with a good circulation of
air. They like sunlight, but filtered
sunlight, so that the sun will not be
on any one part of the plant for too
long a time. You learn, also, that
when the instructions on a bottle of
fungicide-insecticide call for a stated
amount, you are to use that amount
only, and not more; that it is better to
err on the side of not enough, rather
than on the side of too much. The
plant will need to be fed when it is
growing vigorously; again, the instruc-
tions on the container should be fol-
lowed, and not overdone.
You are told that in the fall a be-
gonia will begin to go into its resting
period. Indications of this are the
smaller flowers it will produce, and the
way the leaves will tend to grow
down, rather than stand upright. This
is the time to begin withholding some
of the moisture to let the top die
back. When the top is dry, and the
stem comes off, you put the pot aside
for a few weeks, dump it out, and dis-
cover that the potato-like tuber which
has given you all of this beauty was
growing in a very light, loose mixture.
You have followed your nursery-
man's advice, and have enjoyed your
tuberous begonias all season, and when
they have been dumped out of their
pots, you carefully lift the tubers, set
them aside to dry completely, and
store them in a dry, dark location un-
til the next early spring.
^ Of course, you're going to try again.
You did very well after a bad start.
Next summer you can be the giver.
Margaret M. Lee
A. D. Robinson
San Diego Floral Association
FLORAL BUILDING, BALBOA PARK
(Under the sponsorship of
The Park and Recreation Dept., City of San Diego)
Third Tuesday, Floral Building, 8 p.m.
Pres. Mr. Stanley W. Miller 444-8141
1590 E. Chase Ave., El Cajon
Flower Arrangers' Guild
First Thursday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m.
Pres.: Mrs. John Casale 465-099"
9372 Loren Drive. La Mesa
AFFILIATE MEMBERS 1964
Alfred D. Robinson Begonia Society
Third Friday, Homes of Members, 10 a.m.
President: Mrs. Clayton Lee 296-4845
3911 St. James PL, S.D. 3
Rep. Dir.: Mrs. Anuta Lynch 298-1400
202 Lewis, S.D. 3
Astro Garden Club
First Wednesday, Floral Bldg., 8 p.m.
President: Arnold W. Carroll 276-1579
1911 Erie St., S.D.
Rep. Dir.: J. E. Henderson 274-1754
3503 Yosemite, S.D. 9
Civic Center Garden Club
Meets every Thursday 12m to 1 p.m.
Garden House, Grape and 101 Civic Center
President: James Saraceno 274-2628
3366 Lloyd St., S.D. 17
Rep. Betty Elias 415-3385
8121 Hudson Drive, S.D. 19
Class of San Diego Bonsai Society
Fourth Sunday, Floral Bldg., 1 p.m.
Rep.: Crandall Condra 295-4920
1212 Upas, S.D. 3
Convair Garden Club
Second Wed., Floral Building, 7:30 p.m.
President: Danny Blum 582-2983
4730 Baylor Drive, S.D. 15
Rep. Henry F. Boyd 264-1283
6581 Broadway, S.D. 14
Men's Garden Club of San Diego Co.
Fourth Monday, Floral Bldg., 7:30 p.m.
President: James A. Kirk 748-3870
15131 Espola Road, Poway
Rep. Roy C. Lawton 422-177?
719 First Avenue, Chula Vista
Mission Garden Club
Meets First Monday 8 p.m.
Barbour Hall, Pershing and University
Pres.: Dr. R. J. McBride 264-1444
7878 La Mesa Blvd., La Mesa
Rep.: Mrs. J. W. Jenkins 296-4756
1421 Vine Street, San Diego 3
Organic Gardening Club
Third Friday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m.
Pres.: Kenneth E. Thacker 442-6356
1635 Grove Road, El Cajon
Rep. Mrs. Hermine Hilkowitz 296-2282
1756 Mission Cliffs Dr., S. D. 16
Point Loma Garden Club
First Friday, Silver Gate Savings &
Loan Bldg., Ocean Beach, 10:00 a.m.
Pres.: Mrs. Lind Davenport 222-4601
4430 Longbranch, S.D. 7
Rep. Myrle Patterson 224-15" 7 2
4310 Piedmont, S.D. 7
San Diego Cactus & Succulent Society
First Saturday, Floral Building, 2 p.m.
Pres.: Wm. C. Hoffman 448-061"
981 Bradley Avenue, El Cajon
Rep. Burr Cloutte 295-4296
4780 Arizona Ave., S.D. 16
San Diego Camellia Society
Second Friday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m.
Pres.: Mrs. Althea Hebert 466-3389
8845 Country Club PI., Spring Valley
Rep.: Mrs. Lester Crowder 295-5871
3130 Second St., S.D. 3
SD-Imperial Counties Iris Society
Meets 3rd Sunday, Floral Bldg.. 2:30 p.m.
Pres.: Mrs. Brooks Lawson 745-1720
P.O. Box 288, Valley Center
Rep. Mrs. N. R. Carrington 453-3383
6283 Buisson Street. S.D. 22
S. D. Chapter Calif. Ass'n Nurserymen
Fourth Thursday, 7:30 p.m.
Pres.: Charles Richards
930 Fifth Ave.. Chula Vista
Rep. John Basner 273-4636
4731 Conrad Ave., S.D. 17
San Diego County Dahlia Society
Fourth Tuesday, Floral Building, 7:30 p.m.
Pres.: Victor Kerley 224-1884
3765 James St., S.D. 6
Rep.: Dr. J. W. Troxell 282-9131
4950 Canterbury Drive, S.D. 16
San Diego County Orchid Society
First Tuesday, Floral Building, 8 p.m.
Pres.: Jack Dramis 448-0823
1027 Hacienda Drive, El Cajon
Rep. Elizabeth A. Newkirk 274-2042
1654 La Mancha Drive, S.D. 9
San Diego Fuchsia Society
Second Monday, Floral Building, 8 p.m.
President: Mrs. Walter Bunker 281-5027
4721 Bancroft, S.D.
Rep.: Mrs. Mary Bray Watson
2337 Commonwealth, S.D. 4 284-2669
San Diego Rose Society
Third Monday, Floral Building, 8 p.m.
Pres.: Dr. Donald A. Wilson 454-0890
8355 La Jolla Shores Drive, La Jolla
Rep.: Mrs. Felix White 264-4440
5282 Imperial Avenue. S.D. 14
OTHER GARDEN CLUBS
American Begonia Society
San Diego Branch
Fourth Monday, Barbour Hall, University
& Pershing, 8 p.m.
Pres.: Mrs. Leah Jones 284-2514
3734 40th St., S.D. 5
San Miguel Branch
First Wednesday, Youth Center, Lemon
Grove, 7:30 p.m.
President: Mrs. Edward Hodgins 444-8477
1729 Montgomery Rd., El Cajon
Carlsbad Garden Club
First Friday, VFW Hall, Carlsbad,
Pres.: Mrs. Doris Simpson 729-1515
1075 Chinquapin Ave., Carlsbad
Chula Vista Fuchsia Club
Second Tuesday, Norman Park Recreation
Center, 7:30 p.m.
Pres.: Mrs. William Hook 422-6322
133 I, Chula Vista
Chula Vista Garden Club
Meets Third Wednesday, 1:30 p.m.
C. V. Woman's Club Bldg, 357 G St.. C.V.
Pres.: Mrs. Lester J. Efird 479-5379
P.O. Box, 356, Bonita
Clairemont Garden Club
Meets Third Tuesday, 9:30 a.m.
Place announced at each meeting.
Pres.: Mrs. R. N. Zeich 276-0551
4221 Cessna, S.D. 9211"
Coronado Floral Association
Meets Third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Christ Church Parish Hall, Coronado
Pres.: Comdr. Phillip H. Dennley
339 B Ave., Coronado 435-5337
Cross-Town Garden Club
Third Monday, Barbour Hall, University
& Pershing, 8 p.m.
President: Charles Williams 284-2317
4240 46th, S.D. 15
Crown Garden Club of Coronado
Fourth Thursday, Red Cross Bldg., 1113
Adella Lane, 9:30 a.m.
Pres.: Mrs. James P. Coleman 435-8602
1020 Encino Row, Coronado, Calif.
Delcadia Garden Club
First Wednesday, Encinitas Union
Elementary School, 7:30 p.m.
Pres.: Mrs. Edwin C. Pickett 753-3890
1068 Devonshire, Encinitas
Dos Valles Garden Club (Pauma Vly.)
Second Tues., Members Homes, 1:30 p.m.
Pres.: Mrs. J. C. Potter 745-0302
Escondido Garden Club
Third Fri., Women's Club House, 1:30 p.m.
Pres.: Mrs. Leonard H. Cooper 744-0550
1011 W. Encinitas Rd., San Marcos
Eva Kenworthy Gray Br. (Begonia)
2nd Sat., 1:30 p.m., Seacoast Hall, Encinitas
President: Walter Watchorn 722-3501
1450 Hunsaker, Oceanside
Fallbrook Garden Club
Last Thurs., Fallbrook Woman's Club-
house, 1:30 p.m.
Pres.: Mrs. Elmery Yocubets 728-2432
1040 N. Orange, Fallbrook
Grossmont Garden Center
Second Mon., Grossmont Center, 10 a.m.
Pres.: Mrs. L. E. Elson 469-8009
3451 Calavo Drive, Spring Valley
Hips and Thorns (Old Fashioned Roses)
Meets three times yearly.
Pres.: Roy C. Lawton 422-1775
719 First Ave., C.V.
Imperial Beach Garden Club
3rd Tues., So. Bay Com. Center, 1:30 p.m.
Pres.: Mrs. Leonor Gish 424-7182
630 Alabama, Imperial Beach
Lakeside Garden Club
3rd Mon., Lakeside Farm School, 7:30 p.m.
Pres.: Mrs. W. R. Kuhner 443-3163
P. O. Box 561, Lakeside
La Mesa Woman's Club (Garden Sec.)
Third Thursday, La Mesa Woman's Club.
Pres.: Mrs. J. Holland Noel 463-6795
8415 Kappa St., La Mesa
Lemon Grove Woman's Club
First Tuesday, Lemon Grove Woman's
Club House, 1 p.m.
Chairman: Mrs. O. R. Patterson
8396 Golden, Lemon Grove 466-5242
National City Garden Club
Third Wednesday, National City
Community Bldg., 7:30 p.m.
President: Henry Dell 284-7346
4912 Mansfield, S. D. 16
O. C. It Grow Garden Club
Second Wednesday, S. Oceanside
School Auditorium, 7:30 p.m.
Pres.: Mrs. James E. Flynn 722-3509
1809 So. Home St., Oceanside, Calif.
Pacific Beach Garden Club
Meet second Monday, 7:30 p.m.
Community Club House, Gresham
and Diamond Sts., Pacific Beach
Pres.: Mrs. Ethel Hansen 273-3501
3504 Ethan Allen, S.D. 17
Poway Valley Garden Club
Second Wed., 9:30 a.m. Members Homes
Pres.: Mrs. Wm. C. Crosjean 748-3464
13821 Savage Way, Poway
Rancho Santa Fe Garden Club
Second Tuesday — Club House, 2:00 p.m.
Pres.: Mrs. Neil J. Randol 756-1603
Rancho Santa Fe
San Carlos Garden Club
Fourth Tues., Homes of Members, 1 p.m.
Pres.: Mrs. Brandon J. Neal 465-2682
6702 Jackson Dr., San Diego 19
San Dieguito Garden Club
Third Wednesday, Seacoast Savings
Building, Encinitas, 10 a.m.
President: Mrs. Waldo Vogt 755-4772
773 Barbara Ave., Solana Beach
Santa Maria Valley Garden Club
Second Monday, Ramona Women's
Club House, 5th and Main, 10 a.m.
Pres.: Mrs. Nelson R. Brown 789-1034
510 Fifth, Ramona
Springhouse Garden Club
Third Thursday, Porter Hall, Univ. &
La Mesa, 7:30 p.m.
President: Mr. R. M. Frodahl 469-1933
3852 Avocado, La Mesa
Vista Garden Club
First Fri., Vista Rec. Center, 1:30 p.m.
Pres.: Mrs. James Sorenson 724-1745
1655 Foothill, Vista
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Photograph by Sim Richards
GOLDEN-RAIN TREE IN ZOO PICNIC AREA— SEE ZOO PLANT TOUR, WITH MAP, PAGE 16
PHIL ACKER, OWNER 930 PROSPECT STREET, LA JOLLA, CALIFORNIA — PHONE 45?-3444